1. Abella controls Telepathy and has Think Twice in her hand. Abella has no copies of Think Twice in her graveyard. Neville has Extirpate in his hand. During Abella's end step, she casts Think Twice. After Think Twice resolves, can Abella cast Think Twice using flashback, before Neville can cast Extirpate, targeting Think Twice?

No. After Think Twice resolves, Neville gets priority since it was his opponent's spell that last resolved.
Yes. After Think Twice resolves, Abella gets priority since she is the active player.
Yes. After Think Twice resolves, Abella gets priority since it was her spell that last resolved.
No. After Think Twice resolves, Neville gets priority since he is the nonactive player.
Yes. After Think Twice resolves, Abella gets priority since her opponent doesn't get priority during Abella's end step.

2. Amadeus controls Wandering Graybeard, which is equipped with Runed Stalactite. Which of the following cards can Amadeus reveal when Wandering Graybeard's kinship triggered ability resolves? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Cleanfall.
Garruk Wildspeaker.
Magus of the Disk.
Dryad Arbor.
Crib Swap.

3. Abella controls Beloved Chaplain, a 1/1 Saproling creature token, and Spearbreaker Behemoth. Abella casts Mycoloth. What is the maximum power and toughness Mycoloth can have once it is on the battlefield?

4/4, since it can't devour any of the creatures Abella controls.
8/8, devouring the Saproling token and Spearbreaker Behemoth.
6/6, devouring the Saproling token.
10/10, devouring Beloved Chaplain, the Saproling token, and Spearbreaker Behemoth.
8/8, devouring Beloved Chaplain and the Saproling token.

4. Abraham is playing a game against Naomi. Abraham controls an untapped Volcanic Dragon. How many total phases (not steps) are in Abraham's turn, if he chooses to attack with Volcanic Dragon?

Four phases.
Seven phases.
Nine phases.
Five phases.
Three phases.

5. Aiesha controls Militia's Pride, a Kithkin Soldier creature token, and Avian Changeling. She has Surge of Thoughtweft in her graveyard. Aiesha casts Thoughtweft Trio. Which of the following choices are legal for Aiesha as Thoughtweft Trio's enters-the-battlefield ability resolves? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Sacrifice Thoughtweft Trio.
Exile Surge of Thoughtweft.
Exile Militia's Pride.
Exile the Kithkin Soldier creature token.
Exile Avian Changeling.

6. Which of the following answers accurately describes the color of Transgress the Mind? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Transgress the Mind is colorless when it is on the stack.
Transgress the Mind is colorless when it is in a player's sideboard.
Transgress the Mind is black when it is in a player's graveyard.
Transgress the Mind is colorless when it is in a player's library.
Transgress the Mind is black when it is in a player's hand.

7. Agnes is playing against Nicholas. Agnes attacks with Centaur Courser and Trained Armodon. Nicholas blocks both creatures with Avatar of Hope. Which player chooses Avatar of Hope's damage assignment order, and in which step of the combat phase is that announced?

There is no such thing as a damage assignment order. Nicholas simply assigns Avatar of Hope's combat damage in the combat damage step.
Agnes chooses Avatar of Hope's damage assignment order, and she announces that order in the declare blockers step.
Agnes chooses Avatar of Hope's damage assignment order, and she announces that order in the damage assignment step.
Nicholas chooses Avatar of Hope's damage assignment order, and he announces that order in the declare blockers step.
Nicholas chooses Avatar of Hope's damage assignment order, and he announces that order in the damage assignment step.

8. Alan casts Book Burning, targeting Natalie. Which of the following best explains what happens when Book Burning resolves?

Alan chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage, then Natalie chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage. Then Alan has a second opportunity to choose whether to be dealt 6 damage. If neither player chooses to be dealt damage, Natalie puts the top six cards from her library into her graveyard.
Only Natalie chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage. If Natalie doesn't, she puts the top six cards from her library into her graveyard.
Alan chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage, then Natalie chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage. If neither player chooses to be dealt damage, Natalie puts the top six cards from her library into her graveyard.
Natalie chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage, then Alan chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage. Then Natalie has a second opportunity to choose whether to be dealt 6 damage. If neither player chooses to be dealt damage, Natalie puts the top six cards from her library into her graveyard.
Natalie chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage, then Alan chooses whether to be dealt 6 damage. If neither player chooses to be dealt damage, Natalie puts the top six cards from her library into her graveyard.

9. Aditi is playing against Neal. Aditi has just untapped for the turn, and it is currently her upkeep step with no spells or abilities on the stack. Neal has Vendilion Clique in his hand. Both players pass priority in the upkeep step. Which of the following best describes what happens in Aditi's draw step, and whether Neal has the opportunity to cast Vendilion Clique?

Aditi draws a card for the turn, which doesn't use the stack. Neal doesn't get priority, and he doesn't have the opportunity to cast Vendilion Clique in Aditi's draw step.
Aditi's draw for the turn triggers and is put onto the stack. However, before this trigger is put onto the stack, Neal has the opportunity to cast Vendilion Clique in Aditi's draw step.
Aditi draws a card for the turn, which doesn't use the stack. However, before Aditi draws a card, Neal has the opportunity to cast Vendilion Clique in Aditi's draw step.
Aditi draws a card for the turn, which doesn't use the stack. After Aditi draws a card, Neal has the opportunity to cast Vendilion Clique in Aditi's draw step.
Aditi's draw for the turn triggers and is put onto the stack. After this trigger is put onto the stack, Neal has the opportunity to cast Vendilion Clique in Aditi's draw step.

10. Arnold is playing against Nydia. Arnold's life total is 12, and Nydia's life total is 14. Nydia controls Tezzeret the Seeker, which has five loyalty counters. Arnold casts Pulse of the Forge, targeting Nydia. As Pulse of the Forge resolves, Arnold chooses to redirect the damage to Tezzeret. What happens?

Pulse of the Forge deals 4 damage to Tezzeret, and four loyalty counters are removed. Pulse of the Forge is put into Arnold's graveyard.
This can't happen as described. Nydia, not Arnold, chooses whether to redirect Pulse of the Forge's damage to Tezzeret as the spell resolves.
Pulse of the Forge deals 4 damage to Tezzeret, and four loyalty counters are removed. Pulse of the Forge is returned to Arnold's hand.
This can't happen as described. Arnold can't redirect Pulse of the Forge's damage, since the spell only deals damage to a player.
This can't happen as described. Arnold must choose Tezzeret as Pulse of the Forge's target when the spell is cast.

11. Adelina is playing against Nemo during a Limited-format Friday Night Magic. It is the second round of the event, decklists are not being used, and the Tournament Organizer did not make any announcements regarding continuous construction. Adelina shuffles and presents her deck, which Nemo then counts. Nemo realizes there are 50 cards in Adelina's deck, and asks if Adelina built her deck with 50 cards. Adelina says she didn't, but that she brought in 10 sideboard cards after noticing Nemo was playing a mill deck. Nemo calls a judge, who determines that Adelina's and Nemo's stories match and that Adelina's deck contains 50 cards and is otherwise legal. What is the most appropriate remedy?

Remind Adelina that although decklists aren't being used, continuous construction isn't allowed unless the Tournament Organizer says it is, and that between matches she must return her deck to its starting configuration. Issue Adelina no penalty and have her correct her deck.
Remind Nemo that since decklists aren't being used, continuous construction is allowed unless the Tournament Organizer says it isn't, and that Adelina has done nothing wrong. Issue Nemo a Game Loss for inappropriately calling a judge.
Remind Adelina that although decklists aren't being used, continuous construction isn't allowed unless the Tournament Organizer says it is, and that between matches she must return her deck to its starting configuration. Issue Adelina a Game Loss and have her correct her deck.
Remind Nemo that since decklists aren't being used, continuous construction is allowed unless the Tournament Organizer says it isn't, and that Adelina has done nothing wrong. Don't issue any penalties.
Remind Adelina that although decklists aren't being used, continuous construction isn't allowed unless the Tournament Organizer says it is, and that between matches she must return her deck to its starting configuration. Disqualify Adelina from the event, since she cheated.

12. Andrew is playing against Nora during a Regular REL event. Andrew controls five Mountains and two Forests. He taps all five Mountains, and casts Sentinel Spider. Andrew then ends his turn. After Nora untaps her lands, Nora realizes Andrew didn't tap any Forests to pay for Sentinel Spider and calls for a judge. The judge determines that the error was unintentional, and Andrew hasn't committed a similar error during the event. Which of the following best describes the appropriate fix?

If the judge believes the error was caught quickly enough and the situation is simple, the game should be backed up to before Sentinel Spider was cast. Otherwise, the game state should be left as is. Remind Andrew to play more carefully.
Since Andrew cast the spell incorrectly, the judge should return Sentinel Spider to Andrew's hand, but leave the five Mountains tapped. Remind Andrew to play more carefully.
Since Andrew cast the spell incorrectly, the judge should put Sentinel Spider into Andrew's graveyard and leave the five Mountains tapped. Remind Andrew to play more carefully.
Since Andrew cast the spell incorrectly, the judge should have him tap the two Forests to pay GG for Sentinel Spider, but not untap any of the Mountains he tapped. Remind Andrew to play more carefully.
There is no reasonable fix. Since Andrew cast the spell incorrectly and due to the damage to the game state, Andrew should be issued a Game Loss. Remind Andrew to play more carefully in the future.

1. Aimee controls Fist of Suns and casts Sunscour. Which of the following costs can be paid when casting Sunscour? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Exiling a white, blue, black, red, and green card in her hand.
Exiling two white cards in her hand.
5WW.
WUBRG.
UBRG, exiling one white card in her hand.

2. Ashish attacks with War Mammoth. Nydia blocks War Mammoth with Samite Healer. She then activates Samite Healer's ability, targeting Samite Healer. Which of the following represent legal combat damage assignments for War Mammoth? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Ashish assigns 1 damage to Samite Healer and 2 damage to Nydia.
Ashish assigns 1 damage to Samite Healer and 1 damage to Nydia.
Ashish assigns 0 damage to Samite Healer and 3 damage to Nydia.
Ashish assigns 3 damage to Samite Healer and 0 damage to Nydia.
Ashish assigns 2 damage to Samite Healer and 1 damage to Nydia.

3. Adona is playing a game against Nigel. Adona attacks with Fencing Ace, which Nigel blocks with New Prahv Guildmage. Then, still in the declare blockers step, Nigel activates New Prahv Guildmage's second ability targeting Fencing Ace. Which of the following best explains what happens during the rest of the combat phase?

In the combat damage step, New Prahv Guildmage isn't dealt any damage and Fencing Ace is dealt 2 damage.
In the first combat damage step, New Prahv Guildmage isn't dealt any damage. In the second combat damage step, New Prahv Guildmage isn't dealt any damage and Fencing Ace is dealt 2 damage.
In the combat damage step, New Prahv Guildmage isn't dealt any damage and Fencing Ace isn't dealt any damage.
In the first combat damage step, New Prahv Guildmage is dealt 1 damage. In the second combat damage step, New Prahv Guildmage is dealt 1 damage and Fencing Ace is dealt 2 damage.
The combat phase ends, since Fencing Ace is removed from combat when New Prahv Guildmage's ability resolves.

4. Albert controls Delver of Secrets. The back face of Delver of Secrets is Insectile Aberration. Nita has Geistflame in her hand. Which of the following best explains what happens at the beginning of Albert's upkeep step?

Albert puts Delver of Secrets's ability on the stack, then Nita has the opportunity to cast Geistflame. After this, Delver of Secrets's ability begins to resolve. Nita can't cast Geistflame between the card being revealed and Delver of Secrets transforming.
Albert chooses whether to put Delver of Secrets's ability on the stack. If he does, then Nita has the opportunity to cast Geistflame. After this, Delver of Secrets's ability begins to resolve. Nita can't cast Geistflame between the card being revealed and Delver of Secrets transforming.
Albert puts Delver of Secrets's ability on the stack, then Nita has the opportunity to cast Geistflame. After this, Delver of Secrets's ability begins to resolve. Nita has the opportunity to cast Geistflame between the card being revealed and Delver of Secrets transforming.
Albert gets priority, and has the opportunity to activate Delver of Secrets's ability. If he does, he reveals the top card of his library as a cost to activate the ability. Then Nita has the opportunity to cast Geistflame. After this, Delver of Secrets's ability begins to resolve.
Albert chooses whether to put Delver of Secrets's ability on the stack. If he does, then Nita has the opportunity to cast Geistflame. After this, Delver of Secrets's ability begins to resolve. Nita has the opportunity to cast Geistflame between the card being revealed and Delver of Secrets transforming.

5. Acacia is attacking with Glory Seeker, which is equipped with Loxodon Warhammer. Norbert blocks with Goblin Outlander. At the beginning of the combat damage step, Acacia assigns 2 damage to Goblin Outlander and 3 damage to Norbert. How much life does Acacia gain when combat damage is dealt?

Acacia gains 5 life.
This can't happen as described. Since Goblin Outlander has protection from white, Acacia can't assign damage to Goblin Outlander. Therefore Acacia can't assign damage to Norbert.
Acacia gains 2 life.
Acacia gains 3 life.
Acacia gains 0 life.

6. Which of the following keyword abilities represent abilities that can be countered by Voidslime? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Absolver Thrull's haunt ability.
Thunderheads's replicate ability.
Steeling Stance's forecast ability.
Overwhelm's convoke ability.
Ghor-Clan Savage's bloodthirst ability.

7. Adelaide is playing against Norman. Adelaide controls Undead Alchemist, which is equipped with Sword of Body and Mind. She declares Undead Alchemist as an attacker, and Norman doesn't block. Which of the following best describes what happens when Undead Alchemist deals combat damage to Norman?

Undead Alchemist doesn't deal damage to Norman. Instead, Norman puts the top six cards of his library into his graveyard. Sword of Body and Mind's second ability triggers.
Undead Alchemist deals 6 damage to Norman. Instead of losing 6 life, Norman puts the top six cards of his library into his graveyard. Sword of Body and Mind's second ability triggers.
Undead Alchemist doesn't deal damage to Norman. Instead, Norman puts the top six cards of his library into his graveyard. Sword of Body and Mind's second ability doesn't trigger.
Undead Alchemist deals 6 damage to Norman. Norman loses 6 life. Undead Alchemist's first ability and Sword of Body and Mind's second ability trigger.
Undead Alchemist deals 6 damage to Norman. Instead of losing 6 life, Norman puts the top six cards of his library into his graveyard. Sword of Body and Mind's second ability doesn't trigger.

8. Arlo is playing against Nina. Nina controls Tezzeret, Agent of Bolas, which has three loyalty counters. Arlo casts Red Sun's Zenith, choosing X = 3 and targeting Nina. Which of the following best describes what happens as Red Sun's Zenith resolves?

Nina can choose to redirect the 3 damage that would be dealt to herself to Tezzeret instead. If Tezzeret was dealt damage and the three loyalty counters were removed, it is exiled after Red Sun's Zenith has resolved.
Arlo can choose to redirect the 3 damage that would be dealt to Nina to Tezzeret instead. If Tezzeret was dealt damage and the three loyalty counters were removed, it is exiled after Red Sun's Zenith has resolved.
Arlo can choose to redirect the 3 damage that would be dealt to Nina to Tezzeret instead. If Tezzeret was dealt damage and the three loyalty counters were removed, it is put into Nina's graveyard after Red Sun's Zenith has resolved.
Nina is dealt 3 damage. If Arlo wanted to deal damage to Tezzeret, he needed to target Tezzeret when he cast Red Sun's Zenith.
Nina can choose to redirect the 3 damage that would be dealt to herself to Tezzeret instead. If Tezzeret was dealt damage and the three loyalty counters were removed, it is put into Nina's graveyard after Red Sun's Zenith has resolved.

9. Abella is playing against Nestor. Abella casts Dead Reveler. As the spell resolves, Abella says she is unleashing Dead Reveler. Nestor has Annihilating Fire in his hand. Does Nestor have the opportunity to cast Annihilating Fire before Dead Reveler gets a +1/+1 counter?

Yes. Nestor can cast Annihilating Fire targeting Dead Reveler before it enters the battlefield.
No. Nestor doesn't get priority before the unleash trigger resolves and can't cast Annihilating Fire before Abella puts a +1/+1 counter on Dead Reveler.
No. Dead Reveler enters the battlefield with a +1/+1 counter.
No. Playing a creature doesn't use the stack and Nestor doesn't have the opportunity to cast spells or activate abilities before Dead Reveler enters the battlefield with a +1/+1 counter.
Yes. Nestor gets priority before the unleash trigger resolves and can cast Annihilating Fire before Abella puts a +1/+1 counter on Dead Reveler.

10. For modal spells, such as Healing Leaves, when is the mode chosen?

After the spell is announced, targets are chosen and the cost to cast the spell is determined, before costs are paid.
During the spell's resolution, after it checks whether targets are legal and before the instructions are followed.
After the spell is announced, before any targets are chosen.
During the spell's resolution, before it checks whether targets are legal.
After the spell is announced and targets are chosen, before the cost to cast the spell is determined.

11. According to the Magic Tournament Rules, which of the following answers best explains the number of cards that are permitted in a player's deck for Constructed-format events?

A player must have at least sixty cards in his or her deck. The player is also limited to no more than four of any particular card in his or her deck, unless it is a basic land card or has text that specifies otherwise.
A player must have at least forty cards in his or her deck. There is no limitation on the number of any particular card in the player's deck.
A player must have at least forty cards in his or her deck. The player is also limited to no more than four of any particular card in his or her deck, unless it is a basic land card or has text that specifies otherwise.
A player must have at least sixty cards in his or her deck. There is no limitation on the number of any particular card in the player's deck.
There is no minimum requirement for the number of cards a player must have in his or her deck. However, the player is limited to no more than four of any particular card in his or her deck, unless it is a basic land card or has text that specifies otherwise.

12. According to the Magic Tournament Rules, players are required to register their decks and sideboards at which of the following RELs?

Players are required to register their decks and sideboards in Competitive and Professional REL tournaments. In Regular REL tournaments, the Head Judge chooses whether to require registration.
Players are required to register their decks and sideboards in Regular and Competitive REL tournaments. In Professional REL tournaments, the Head Judge chooses whether to require registration.
Players are required to register their decks and sideboards in Professional REL tournaments. In Regular and Competitive REL tournaments, the Head Judge chooses whether to require registration.
Players are required to register their decks and sideboards in Regular, Competitive, and Professional REL tournaments. It is never the Head Judge's choice whether to require registration.
Players are never required to register their decks and sideboards in Regular, Competitive, and Professional REL tournaments. At any REL, the Head Judge chooses whether to require registration.

1. Aaliyah is playing against Nash. Aaliyah declares Wild Beastmaster and a 4/4 green Rhino creature token as attackers. In response to Wild Beastmaster's triggered ability, Nash casts Cower in Fear. Which of the following best explains what happens?

This can't happen as described. Wild Beastmaster's ability is a static ability, not a triggered ability. Nash can't respond to that ability.
Wild Beastmaster is 0/0 and dies. The Rhino token is 5/5.
Wild Beastmaster is 0/0 and dies. The Rhino token is 3/3.
Wild Beastmaster is 0/0 and dies. The Rhino token is 4/4.
Wild Beastmaster is 1/1. The Rhino token is 4/4.

2. Aaron controls a Tallowisp and casts an Arcane spell. Which of the following can he search for? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Unholy Strength
Wurmweaver Coil
Threads of Disloyalty
Pillory of the Sleepless
Faith's Fetters

3. Adelaide attacks with Kuro's Taken, and it is blocked by a 0/1 Serf token. In the postcombat main phase, Adelaide activates Kuro's Taken's ability and creates a regeneration shield for Kuro's Taken, and then casts Night of Souls' Betrayal. What happens during the cleanup step?

The regeneration shield and bushido effect end simultaneously. Adelaide receives priority. After both players pass priority, Kuro's Taken is put into the graveyard. Then the next turn begins.
The regeneration shield and bushido effect end simultaneously. Kuro's Taken is put into the graveyard. Adelaide doesn't receive priority and the next turn begins.
The regeneration shield and bushido effect end simultaneously. Kuro's Taken is put into the graveyard. Adelaide receives priority. After both players pass priority there is another cleanup step.
The bushido effect ends. Kuro's Taken is now 0/0 and regenerates, but then it is still 0/0 and is put into the graveyard. Adelaide receives priority. After both players pass priority there is another cleanup step.
The bushido effect ends, then the regeneration shield ends. Kuro's Taken is put into the graveyard. Adelaide receives priority. After both players pass priority there is another cleanup step.

4. Anton controls Marsh Flitter, one 1/1 black Goblin Rogue creature token, and Runed Stalactite. Anton activates Runed Stalactite's ability, targeting Marsh Flitter. In response, Anton activates Marsh Flitter's ability. After Runed Stalactite becomes attached to Marsh Flitter, which answer describes Marsh Flitter's power and toughness and creature types?

Marsh Flitter is 3/3 and has only the "Faerie" and "Rogue" creature types.
Marsh Flitter is 4/4 and has all creature types.
Marsh Flitter is 3/3 and has all creature types.
Marsh Flitter is 4/4 and has only the "Faerie" and "Rogue" creature types.
Marsh Flitter is 2/2 and has all creature types.

5. During her postcombat main phase, Adalia casts Cry of Contrition, targeting Neo. When Cry of Contrition resolves and is put into Adalia's graveyard, she targets Neo's Treetop Village, which was assigned as a blocking creature during combat, with the haunt trigger. During his upkeep step, Neo activates Claws of Gix's ability, sacrificing Treetop Village when it is currently not a creature. Does Cry of Contrition's second triggered ability trigger?

No. Cry of Contrition haunts Treetop Village, regardless of whether it remains a creature or not. However, Cry of Contrition's second triggered ability doesn't trigger unless Treetop Village is a creature when it goes to the graveyard.
Yes. Cry of Contrition haunts Treetop Village, regardless of whether it remains a creature or not. Cry of Contrition's second triggered ability triggers when Treetop Village goes to the graveyard. However, the ability does nothing on resolution.
Yes. Cry of Contrition haunts Treetop Village, regardless of whether it remains a creature or not. Cry of Contrition's second triggered ability triggers when Treetop Village goes to the graveyard. The ability resolves normally.
This is not a legal action. Cry of Contrition's haunt ability can only target permanents with the type "Creature" printed on the type line. Since Treetop Village has the type "Land", it isn't a legal target for the haunt ability.
No. Cry of Contrition only haunts Treetop Village as long as it is a creature. Once Treetop Village stops being a creature, Cry of Contrition no longer haunts it and the second triggered ability won't trigger.

6. Archibald controls Leyline of Lightning. He casts Train of Thought, and replicates it three times. How much damage can he deal with Leyline of Lightning?

3 damage. Archibald may pay 1 for each of the replicated copies of Train of Thought.
1 damage. A triggered ability doesn't trigger again until the ability has resolved, has been countered, or has otherwise left the stack.
Archibald can deal as much damage as he has mana. He may pay 1 as many times as he chooses.
1 damage. The copies generated by replicate aren't cast, they are put directly on the stack.
4 damage. 1 damage can be dealt by paying 1 for Train of Thought and each copy that is generated.

7. Nemo controls Bitterblossom and two 1/1 Faerie Rogue creature tokens that he put onto the battlefield via Bitterblossom's triggered ability. Aditi casts Hill Giant. In response, Nemo casts Spellstutter Sprite. When Spellstutter Sprite enters the battlefield, Nemo targets Hill Giant with its triggered ability. In response to the triggered ability, Aditi casts Volcanic Fallout. What happens when Spellstutter Sprite's enters-the-battlefield ability resolves?

Spellstutter Sprite's ability has an illegal target, and the ability resolves and does nothing.
This can't happen as described. Hill Giant is an illegal target for Spellstutter Sprite's enters-the-battlefield ability, since Nemo controls only three Faerie creatures.
This can't happen as described. When Spellstutter Sprite is destroyed due to lethal damage, its enters-the-battlefield ability ceases to exist.
Spellstutter Sprite's ability has an illegal target, and the ability is countered on resolution.
Spellstutter Sprite's ability has a legal target, and the ability resolves countering Hill Giant.

8. Audric controls only Reflecting Pool and River of Tears. What type of mana can he produce with Reflecting Pool's ability?

U if he has not played a land this turn. B if he has played a land this turn.
Only B, whether or not he has played a land this turn.
Only U, whether or not he has played a land this turn.
U if he has not played a land this turn. U or B if he has played a land this turn.
U or B, whether or not he has played a land this turn.

9. Abby controls Etched Champion and Memnite. Abby controls no other artifacts. Nicholas controls Sphinx of Jwar Isle, a 2/2 black Zombie creature token, and Black Knight. Abby casts Genesis Wave, choosing X = 2. As Genesis Wave resolves, Abby reveals a Plains and Pacifism. If Abby chooses to put Pacifism onto the battlefield, to which of the following creatures can she attach the Aura? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Sphinx of Jwar Isle.
Etched Champion.
The black Zombie creature token.
Memnite.
Black Knight.

10. Artemis is playing a game against Naoko. Artemis controls Lantern of Insight and casts Serum Visions. Which of the following cards will be revealed to Naoko?

The drawn card and the top card before scrying.
The drawn card, the scryed cards, and the top card both before and after scrying.
The drawn card and the top card after scrying.
The drawn card, the scryed cards, and the top card after scrying.
The drawn card and the top card both before and after scrying.

11. During the Swiss rounds of a Competitive REL event, at 14 minutes into the round, a judge sees Adona seated at a table by herself. There is no opponent present. The judge approaches the table and asks if Adona is still waiting for her opponent to show for the round. Adona says no, that Norman showed and they played a game, but he had to go to the bathroom before starting the second game and has been gone about two minutes. At that moment, Norman walks up to the table and sits down. When the judge questions Norman, he says that he really needed to go to the bathroom and left the table without calling for a judge. What infraction has Norman committed, if any, and what penalty is he issued?

Norman hasn't committed an infraction, so don't issue him a penalty.
Norman has committed Tournament Error-Slow Play. Issue him a Warning.
Norman has committed Tournament Error-Tardiness. Issue him a Game Loss.
Norman has committed Tournament Error-Tardiness. Issue him a Match Loss.
Norman has committed Unsporting Conduct-Stalling. Normally, he would be disqualified from the event, but the Head Judge may downgrade this penalty.

12. Audric is playing against Natalie during a Competitive REL event. Audric casts Vexing Devil when Natalie is at 7 life. Natalie has no response, and Audric says nothing about the triggered ability when Vexing Devil enters the battlefield. Then Audric passes the turn. When Natalie untaps, she realizes that Vexing Devil had a triggered ability and Audric didn't point out that Natalie had a choice to make. Natalie calls for a judge. Audric explains that he didn't think he needed to remind Natalie of the choice, and that Natalie wouldn't choose to be dealt 4 damage since she was at 7 life. What infraction has Audric committed, if any?

Audric has committed Tournament Error-Communication Policy Violation.
Audric hasn't committed any infraction. He is not required to point out a triggered ability where the opponent has a choice; it is Natalie's responsibility to be aware of that choice.
Audric has committed Game Play Error-Game Rule Violation.
Audric has committed Game Play Error-Missed Trigger.
Audric has committed Unsporting Conduct-Cheating.

1. Anita is playing against Nick. Anita controls Energy Field and a Germ token that is equipped with her Batterskull. Nick casts Abrupt Decay, targeting the Germ token. Which of the following best describes what happens as Abrupt Decay resolves?

The Germ token ceases to exist instead of being put into Anita's graveyard. Energy Field's second ability triggers. Then Abrupt Decay is put into Nick's graveyard. After this, Anita puts Energy Field's triggered ability onto the stack.
The Germ token ceases to exist instead of being put into Anita's graveyard. Energy Field's second ability doesn't trigger. Then Abrupt Decay is put into Nick's graveyard.
Anita puts her Germ token into her graveyard. Energy Field's second ability doesn't trigger. Then Abrupt Decay is put into Nick's graveyard. After this, the Germ token ceases to exist.
This can't happen as described. Nick can't target the Germ token because Batterskull has a converted mana cost of 5.
Anita puts her Germ token into her graveyard. Energy Field's second ability triggers. Then Abrupt Decay is put into Nick's graveyard. After this, the Germ token ceases to exist and Anita puts Energy Field's triggered ability onto the stack.

2. Arnold announces he is casting Sickening Shoal via its alternate cost, choosing X = 3, and that he is splicing Horobi's Whisper onto Sickening Shoal. Then Arnold pays for Sickening Shoal by exiling from his hand the same Horobi's Whisper that is being spliced onto Sickening Shoal and exiling four cards from his graveyard. What is the converted mana cost of the resulting Sickening Shoal spell?

8.
5.
This can't happen as described. Arnold cannot use the same Horobi's Whisper to both splice onto Sickening Shoal and to pay for Sickening Shoal's alternative cost.
2.
0.

3. Abby casts Purity, and Newell responds with Counterbore, targeting Purity. Abby has one Purity in her hand, one Purity in her graveyard, and one Purity in her library. Which of the following are possible outcomes when Counterbore resolves after Purity is countered? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Newell exiles one Purity from Abby's hand and one Purity from Abby's library.
Newell exiles two Purities from Abby's graveyard, one Purity from Abby's library, and one Purity from Abby's hand.
Newell exiles one Purity from Abby's graveyard, one Purity from Abby's hand, and two Purities from Abby's library.
Newell exiles two Purities from Abby's graveyard.
Newell exiles two Purities from Abby's graveyard and one Purity from Abby's library.

4. Arvind's Blind Hunter is put into his graveyard, triggering its haunt ability and his Promise of Bunrei's ability. Will Arvind be able to haunt one of the Spirit tokens with Blind Hunter?

Yes, Arvind decides the order of the abilities on the stack. If he puts Promise of Bunrei's ability onto the stack last, it will resolve before the haunt ability.
No, tokens can't be haunted.
No, Arvind must specify the target for the haunt ability when the ability is put onto the stack. At that time, the Spirit tokens will not be on the battlefield.
No, haunt is a self-replacement ability. Haunt will always be the first to resolve.
Yes, if Arvind cast Blind Hunter before Promise of Bunrei, the Spirit tokens will be legal targets.

5. Aileen controls Beast of Burden, Lurebound Scarecrow, and Nessian Courser. She chose "green" for Lurebound Scarecrow. Nelson controls no creatures. Aileen attacks with her three creatures. In the declare blockers step, Nelson casts Mercy Killing, targeting Nessian Courser. How much damage is assigned to Nelson in the combat damage step?

4.
7.
9.
3.
8.

6. Nova controls Mother of Runes and Glory Seeker. Akira casts Bone Shredder. Akira targets Glory Seeker with Bone Shredder's enters-the-battlefield ability. In response, Nova activates Mother of Runes's ability, targeting Glory Seeker. When does Nova choose the color for Mother of Runes's ability, and what happens to Bone Shredder's ability if she chooses "black"?

Nova chooses the color as Mother of Runes's ability resolves. If she chooses "black", Bone Shredder's ability resolves and Glory Seeker is destroyed.
Nova chooses the color as Mother of Runes's ability resolves. If she chooses "black", Bone Shredder's ability is countered on resolution.
Nova chooses the color as Mother of Runes's ability is activated. If she chooses "black", Bone Shredder's ability resolves and does nothing.
Nova chooses the color as Mother of Runes's ability resolves. If she chooses "black", Bone Shredder's ability resolves and does nothing.
Nova chooses the color as Mother of Runes's ability is activated. If she chooses "black", Bone Shredder's ability is countered on resolution.

7. Agnes controls Aquamoeba. Nevin controls Serendib Sorcerer and Cabal Trainee. Agnes casts Gaea's Anthem. After Gaea's Anthem resolves, Agnes activates Aquamoeba's ability. In response, Nevin activates Cabal Trainee's ability, targeting Aquamoeba. In response, Agnes casts Giant Growth, targeting Aquamoeba. In response, Nevin activates Serendib Sorcerer's ability, targeting Aquamoeba. In response, Agnes activates Aquamoeba's ability again. After all spells and abilities have resolved, what are Aquamoeba's power and toughness?

2/6.
5/1.
1/5.
Aquamoeba is in the graveyard.
6/2.

8. Albert attacks with two Taunting Elfs and a Grizzly Bears. The only creature Natalie controls is Two-Headed Dragon. What happens?

Two-Headed Dragon must block at least one Taunting Elf, and has to block another creature of Natalie's choice.
Two-Headed Dragon must block the two Taunting Elfs.
Two-Headed Dragon can block the Grizzly Bears, so it won't have to block either Taunting Elf.
Two-Headed Dragon has flying. Natalie can choose not to block with it.
Two-Headed Dragon must block at least one Taunting Elf, but does not have to block any other creatures.

9. Aimee controls Nightscape Familiar. She announces she is casting Crosis, the Purger. What is the total cost to cast Crosis?

5.
3UBR.
3B.
2UBR.
1UBR.

10. Abraham is playing against Natalie. Abraham controls Trostani, Selesnya's Voice and Cathars' Crusade. As Abraham draws his card for the turn, he reveals Entreat the Angels, announcing that he is casting it for its miracle cost, choosing X = 2. Which of the following best describes what happens when Abraham puts the two Angel creature tokens onto the battlefield?

Trostani's triggered ability triggers twice, and Cathars' Crusade's ability triggers once. Abraham puts the abilities onto the stack in the order of his choice. As either of Trostani's triggered abilities resolves, it uses the creature's toughness when the creature entered the battlefield to determine how much life Abraham gains.
Trostani's triggered ability triggers twice, and Cathars' Crusade's ability triggers twice. Abraham puts the abilities onto the stack in the order of his choice. As either of Trostani's triggered abilities resolves, it uses the creature's toughness when the creature entered the battlefield to determine how much life Abraham gains.
Trostani's triggered ability triggers twice, and Cathars' Crusade's ability triggers once. Abraham puts the abilities onto the stack in the order of his choice. As either of Trostani's triggered abilities resolves, it uses the creature's toughness at that moment to determine how much life Abraham gains.
Trostani's triggered ability triggers twice, and Cathars' Crusade's ability triggers twice. Abraham puts the abilities onto the stack in the order of his choice. As either of Trostani's triggered abilities resolves, it uses the creature's toughness at that moment to determine how much life Abraham gains.
Neither Trostani's triggered ability nor Cathars' Crusade's ability triggers.

11. Abra is participating in a booster draft that is being run at Competitive REL. She opens the second pack and immediately selects Jace, the Mind Sculptor as her draft pick. Abra reveals it to her friend seated next to her, and asks that her friend make sure to pass good blue cards. A judge watching the draft observes this, and pauses the draft to confirm that Abra intentionally revealed the card and that she was aware she shouldn't reveal cards during a Competitive REL draft. What infraction did Abra commit, if any, and what penalty is she issued?

Abra has committed Unsporting Conduct-Cheating. Normally, she would be disqualified from the event, but the Head Judge may downgrade this penalty.
Abra has committed Unsporting Conduct-Cheating. She is disqualified from the event, and the Head Judge may not downgrade this penalty.
Abra committed no infraction, since players can reveal their draft picks to each other.
Abra committed Tournament Error-Limited Procedure Violation. Issue her a Game Loss.
Abra committed Tournament Error-Limited Procedure Violation. Issue her a Warning.

12. Alan is playing against Nikita during a Competitive REL event. After Alan casts Cruel Ultimatum, Nikita gets upset, grabbing the card and tearing it in half. Alan calls a judge, and Nikita apologizes immediately, saying that she really wanted to win and was just caught up in the moment. What infraction has Nikita committed, and what penalty is she issued?

Nikita has committed Unsporting Conduct-Aggressive Behavior. The penalty is disqualification, but the Head Judge has the option to downgrade this penalty.
Nikita has committed Unsporting Conduct-Major. The penalty is a Match Loss, and there is no option to downgrade this penalty.
Nikita has committed Unsporting Conduct-Minor. The penalty is a Warning.
Nikita has committed Unsporting Conduct-Aggressive Behavior. The penalty is disqualification, and there is no option to downgrade this penalty.
Nikita has committed Unsporting Conduct-Major. The penalty is a Match Loss, but the Head Judge has the option to downgrade this penalty.

1. Adelaide controls Mass Hysteria. In her precombat main phase, Adelaide casts Sower of Temptation and takes control of Nash's Cylian Elf with the enters-the-battlefield ability. Adelaide then declares both Sower of Temptation and Cylian Elf as attackers. Nash blocks Sower of Temptation with Razorfoot Griffin. What happens in the first combat damage step, and how much damage is dealt in the second combat damage step?

In the first combat damage step, Sower of Temptation isn't destroyed after combat damage is dealt. Adelaide retains control of Cylian Elf. Razorfoot Griffin is dealt 2 damage and Nash is dealt 2 damage in the second combat damage step.
In the first combat damage step, Sower of Temptation is destroyed after combat damage is dealt. Nash gains control of Cylian Elf, which is removed from combat. Nash is dealt 2 damage in the second combat damage step.
In the first combat damage step, Sower of Temptation is destroyed after combat damage is dealt. Nash gains control of Cylian Elf, which is removed from combat. No damage is dealt in the second combat damage step.
In the first combat damage step, Sower of Temptation is destroyed after combat damage is dealt. Nash gains control of Cylian Elf, which remains in combat. No damage is dealt in the second combat damage step.
In the first combat damage step, Sower of Temptation is destroyed after combat damage is dealt. Nash gains control of Cylian Elf, which remains in combat. Nash is dealt 2 damage in the second combat damage step.

2. Antal controls Child of Night, which is equipped with Grafted Exoskeleton. Nora controls Wall of Omens. Antal attacks with Child of Night, and Nora blocks with Wall of Omens. Which of the following best describes what happens in the combat damage step?

Child of Night deals no damage to Wall of Omens. Instead of damage being dealt, four -1/-1 counters are put onto Wall of Omens and Antal gains 4 life.
Child of Night deals 4 damage to Wall of Omens. As a result of this damage, four -1/-1 counters are put onto Wall of Omens, but Antal gains no life.
Child of Night deals 4 damage to Wall of Omens. As a result of this damage, four -1/-1 counters are put onto Wall of Omens and Antal gains 4 life.
Child of Night deals 4 damage to Wall of Omens. Nora chooses whether the result of this damage is that four -1/-1 counters are put onto Wall of Omens or Antal gains 4 life. If no -1/-1 counters are put onto Wall of Omens, 4 damage is marked on Wall of Omens.
Child of Night deals 4 damage to Wall of Omens. Antal chooses whether the result of this damage is that four -1/-1 counters are put onto Wall of Omens or he gains 4 life. If no -1/-1 counters are put onto Wall of Omens, 4 damage is marked on Wall of Omens.

3. Neal controls Glory Seeker, which is enchanted by his Elephant Guide. Acacia casts Austere Command, choosing the second and third mode. When Austere Command resolves, does Elephant Guide's third ability trigger?

It depends on which mode Acacia chooses to resolve first. If Acacia chooses to resolve the third mode first, Elephant Guide's third ability triggers.
Yes. Glory Seeker is destroyed before Elephant Guide, so Elephant Guide's third ability triggers.
No. Elephant Guide and Glory Seeker are destroyed at the same time, so Elephant Guide's third ability doesn't trigger.
Yes. Elephant Guide and Glory Seeker are destroyed at the same time, so Elephant Guide's third ability triggers.
No. Elephant Guide is in Neal's graveyard when Glory Seeker is destroyed, so Elephant Guide's third ability doesn't trigger.

4. Amadeus and Aaron are playing in a game of Two-Headed Giant. Amadeus controls Ascended Lawmage, Teysa, Envoy of Ghosts, and a 1/1 white Soldier creature token. Aaron controls Golgari Longlegs and Woodlot Crawler. Amadeus and Aaron declare all their creatures as attackers. Then Aaron declares he is activating Slaughterhorn's bloodrush ability. Which of the following are legal targets for the ability? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Golgari Longlegs.
Woodlot Crawler.
Ascended Lawmage.
Teysa.
The Soldier token.

5. Adona controls Glory Seeker, which is equipped with Blight Sickle. Nairne casts Ovinize, targeting Glory Seeker. After Ovinize resolves, Adona activates Blight Sickle's equip ability, targeting Glory Seeker. Which of the following answers best describes Glory Seeker's characteristics after the equip ability has resolved?

Glory Seeker is 0/1 and has no abilities.
Adona has performed an illegal action. She can't activate Blight Sickle's equip ability targeting Glory Seeker.
Glory Seeker is 0/1 and has wither.
Glory Seeker is 1/1 and has wither.
Glory Seeker is 1/1 and has no abilities.

6. Nadine is enchanted by Wheel of Sun and Moon. During Arlo's turn, Nadine discards Basking Rootwalla as a cost to activate Wild Mongrel's ability. Which of the following is a possible outcome of Nadine discarding Basking Rootwalla? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Nadine exiles Basking Rootwalla. If she chooses not to cast Basking Rootwalla via madness, then Basking Rootwalla is put into her graveyard.
Nadine puts Basking Rootwalla onto the bottom of her library. The madness ability doesn't trigger.
Nadine exiles Basking Rootwalla. If she chooses not to cast Basking Rootwalla via madness, then Basking Rootwalla is put onto the bottom of her library.
Nadine exiles Basking Rootwalla. If she chooses not to cast Basking Rootwalla via madness, then Basking Rootwalla remains exiled.
Nadine puts Basking Rootwalla into her graveyard. Then Wheel of Sun and Moon's ability triggers, and when it resolves, she puts Basking Rootwalla onto the bottom of her library.

7. Adona controls Emberstrike Duo, enchanted with Fists of the Demigod. Adona casts Rite of Consumption, targeting Nemo, sacrificing Emberstrike Duo. Adona hasn't cast any other black spells this turn. When Rite of Consumption resolves, how much damage is dealt to Nemo?

2 damage.
1 damage.
3 damage.
5 damage.
4 damage.

8. Adam controls Sorin Markov, which has eight loyalty counters on it. During Adam's precombat main phase, he activates Sorin's third ability, targeting Nora. In response, Nora activates Magosi, the Waterveil's second activated ability. What happens to the turn sequence?

Nora skips her next turn. The next time Nora takes a turn, she controls that turn.
Nora takes a turn, which Adam controls. The next time Nora takes a turn, she controls that turn.
Nora chooses whether she skips her next turn or takes a turn which Adam controls. The next time Nora would take a turn, the other one happens.
Nora takes a turn, which Adam controls. The next time Nora would take a turn, she skips that turn.
Nora skips her next turn. The next time Nora takes a turn, Adam controls that turn.

9. Abby controls three Wild Cantors, three Forests, and three Plains. Abby announces that she is casting Conclave Equenaut. Which of the following are legal ways for Abby to pay for Conclave Equenaut? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Abby uses GGGWWW from three of her Forests and three of her Plains.
Abby uses GGG from three of her Forests, and uses WWW from sacrificing three Wild Cantors.
Abby uses WWW from three of her Plains, and tapping three Wild Cantors.
Abby uses WWW from sacrificing three Wild Cantors, and tapping three Wild Cantors.
Abby uses GGG from three of her Forests, and tapping three Wild Cantors.

10. Andrew controls Clone, which has a -1/-1 counter and copied a Blind Phantasm as it entered the battlefield. During his postcombat main phase, Andrew casts Followed Footsteps, targeting Clone. During his next upkeep, when Followed Footsteps's triggered ability resolves, which of the following best describes the token that Andrew puts onto the battlefield?

Andrew puts a 1/2 Creature - Illusion onto the battlefield, which is named "Blind Phantasm."
Andrew puts a 2/3 Creature - Illusion onto the battlefield, which is named "Blind Phantasm."
Andrew creates a copy of Clone. As this token enters the battlefield, he can choose a new creature to copy.
Andrew puts a 2/3 Creature - Shapeshifter onto the battlefield, which is named "Clone."
Andrew puts a 1/2 Creature - Shapeshifter onto the battlefield, which is named "Clone."

11. Abra is playing against Noel during a Competitive REL event. Abra controls Kingpin's Pet and casts Assault Griffin. She doesn't mention that Kingpin's Pet's extort ability triggered. Noel casts Psychic Strike targeting Assault Griffin. Abra puts Assault Griffin and the two top cards of her library into her graveyard, then taps a Plains and says "Extort you for 1." Noel says that Abra missed the trigger since she didn't announce it. Abra calls for a judge, explaining that she didn't mention extort triggering since she wanted to see Noel's response before deciding to pay for the trigger. What infraction did Abra commit, if any?

Abra has committed Tournament Error-Communication Policy Violation.
Abra has committed Game Play Error-Game Rule Violation.
Abra has committed Unsporting Conduct-Cheating.
Abra hasn't committed an infraction. She has until the trigger would normally resolve to decide on whether to pay W or B and point out the trigger's effect.
Abra has committed Game Play Error-Missed Trigger.

12. Angus is participating in a Zendikar-block Constructed event using decklists, which is being run at Competitive REL. In which of the following circumstances would he have committed Tournament Error-Deck/Decklist Problem? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Angus has listed 56 cards in his deck and 15 cards in his sideboard on his decklist.
Angus has listed 61 cards in his deck and 17 cards in his sideboard on his decklist.
Angus has listed 60 cards in his deck and 15 cards in his sideboard on his decklist, but has listed two copies of a card that doesn't exist as part of the Zendikar block.
Angus has listed 61 cards in his deck and 15 cards in his sideboard on his decklist.
Angus has listed 60 cards in his deck and 15 cards in his sideboard on his decklist, but has listed five copies of the same enchantment card in his deck.

1. Agatha controls Parallel Thoughts, and there are five exiled cards remaining. Agatha has ten cards remaining in her library. Agatha casts Read the Runes, with X = 5. What happens?

Agatha may put cards exiled by Parallel Thoughts into her hand or draw a card from her library a total of five times. Agatha must discard a card or sacrifice a permanent for each card drawn from her library.
Agatha may put cards exiled by Parallel Thoughts into her hand or draw a card from her library a total of five times. Regardless of the choice, Agatha doesn't have to discard any cards or sacrifice any permanents.
Agatha may put cards exiled by Parallel Thoughts into her hand or draw a card from her library a total of five times. Agatha must discard a card or sacrifice a permanent five times.
Agatha must put cards exiled by Parallel Thoughts into her hand for each card she would have drawn. Agatha doesn't have to discard any cards or sacrifice any permanents.
Agatha must put cards exiled by Parallel Thoughts into her hand for each card she would have drawn. Agatha must discard a card or sacrifice a permanent five times.

2. Antal controls Gaea's Anthem, Pandemonium, a 1/1 green Saproling token, and a 3/3 green Elephant token. Due to Gaea's Anthem, the Saproling is 2/2 and the Elephant is 4/4. Nisha controls Crusade, Eager Cadet, and Glory Seeker. Antal casts Clone during his precombat main phase. When Clone enters the battlefield, Antal targets Nisha with Pandemonium's triggered ability. What are possible outcomes? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Clone copied the Elephant token as it entered the battlefield, and Nisha is dealt 5 damage.
Clone copied the Saproling token as it entered the battlefield, and Nisha is dealt 2 damage.
Clone copied Glory Seeker as it entered the battlefield, and Nisha is dealt 4 damage.
Clone didn't copy a creature as it entered the battlefield, and Nisha is dealt 1 damage.
Clone copied Eager Cadet as it entered the battlefield, and Nisha is dealt 2 damage.

3. Agnes is playing against Norman. Agnes has Soldevi Sentry in her graveyard. She casts Miraculous Recovery, targeting Soldevi Sentry. After Soldevi Sentry enters the battlefield, Norman casts Puncture Bolt, targeting Soldevi Sentry. In response, Agnes activates Soldevi Sentry's activated ability targeting Norman. Which of the following best explains what happens after Puncture Bolt resolves?

State-based actions are checked. Soldevi Sentry is regenerated. Then state-based actions are checked again. Both the +1/+1 counter and -1/-1 counter are removed. The delayed triggered ability created by Soldevi Sentry's activated ability triggers.
State-based actions are checked. Soldevi Sentry is regenerated, and both the +1/+1 counter and -1/-1 counter are removed. The delayed triggered ability created by Soldevi Sentry's activated ability triggers.
State-based actions are checked. Soldevi Sentry isn't regenerated, but the +1/+1 counter and -1/-1 counter are removed. The delayed triggered ability created by Soldevi Sentry's activated ability doesn't trigger.
State-based actions are checked. Soldevi Sentry is regenerated. The delayed triggered ability created by Soldevi Sentry's activated ability triggers. Then state-based actions are checked again. Both the +1/+1 counter and -1/-1 counter are removed.
State-based actions are checked. Both the +1/+1 counter and -1/-1 counter are removed. Then state-based actions are checked again. Soldevi Sentry is regenerated. The delayed triggered ability created by Soldevi Sentry's activated ability triggers.

4. Ashton controls Coat of Arms. Nisha controls Night of Souls' Betrayal. Ashton has already cast three spells this turn, when he casts Empty the Warrens. Once all spells and abilities have resolved, how many Goblin creature tokens does Ashton control?

Six.
Zero.
Four.
Eight.
Two.

5. Aaliyah is at 1 life and controls a Mountain. Nigel is at 1 life and controls Overabundance. What happens if Aaliyah activates her Mountain's mana ability, then casts Shock, targeting Nigel?

Shock resolves first, dealing 2 damage to Nigel. Then Overabundance's triggered ability resolves and deals 1 damage to Aaliyah. Both players lose the game for having 0 life or less.
Shock resolves first, dealing 2 damage to Nigel. He loses the game before Overabundance's triggered ability resolves.
This is an illegal action. Overabundance's triggered ability resolves immediately, and Aaliyah is at 0 life. She loses the game before she can cast Shock.
Overabundance's triggered ability resolves immediately, and Aaliyah is at 0 life. She loses the game immediately after she finishes casting Shock.
Overabundance's triggered ability resolves after Shock is cast, and Aaliyah is at 0 life. She loses the game before Shock resolves.

6. Arnold casts Diabolic Tutor. While he is searching his library, he casts Panglacial Wurm. Which of the following answers best describes what happens?

When Diabolic Tutor resolves, Arnold searches his library. He announces Panglacial Wurm, moves it to the stack and pays its mana cost. After Panglacial Wurm is cast, he finishes searching his library and puts a card into his hand. Then, Diabolic Tutor is put into his graveyard and he gets priority.
When Diabolic Tutor resolves, Arnold searches his library and puts a card into his hand. After this, he announces Panglacial Wurm, moves it to the stack and pays its mana cost. Then, Diabolic Tutor is put into his graveyard and he gets priority.
When Diabolic Tutor resolves, it is put into Arnold's graveyard and he searches his library. He announces Panglacial Wurm, moves it to the stack and pays its mana cost. After Panglacial Wurm is cast, he finishes searching his library and puts a card into his hand. Then, he gets priority.
When Diabolic Tutor resolves, Arnold searches his library and announces Panglacial Wurm. It is moved to the stack and he doesn't pay its mana cost. After Panglacial Wurm is cast, he finishes searching his library and puts a card into his hand. Then, Diabolic Tutor is put into his graveyard and he gets priority.
When Diabolic Tutor resolves, Arnold searches his library. He announces Panglacial Wurm, moves it to the stack and pays its mana cost. After Panglacial Wurm is cast, he gets priority. If both players pass in succession, Panglacial Wurm resolves. Arnold then finishes searching his library and puts a card into his hand. Then, Diabolic Tutor is put into his graveyard and he gets priority.

7. Aimee casts Barrin's Spite, targeting two creatures that Nicholas controls. When does Nicholas choose which creature will be sacrificed?

As Barrin's Spite is cast, after the targets are chosen, but before costs are paid.
As Barrin's Spite resolves, after Barrin's Spite is put into the graveyard.
As Barrin's Spite is cast, when the targets are chosen.
As Barrin's Spite resolves, before Barrin's Spite is put into the graveyard.
As Barrin's Spite is cast, after costs are paid, but before either player gets priority.

8. Arvind is playing against Nancy. Arvind controls one untapped Mountain and no other lands. At the beginning of his draw step, Arvind draws and reveals Thunderous Wrath. In response to Thunderous Wrath's miracle trigger, Nancy casts Silence. Which of the following best describes what happens as Thunderous Wrath's miracle trigger resolves?

As the miracle trigger resolves, Arvind chooses whether to pay R or not. If he does, he puts Thunderous Wrath onto the stack without casting it.
The miracle trigger is countered and doesn't resolve.
This can't happen as described. Miracle is not a triggered ability, and Arvind chooses whether to cast Thunderous Wrath as he reveals the card. Nancy can't respond to this action.
As the miracle trigger resolves, Arvind can cast Thunderous Wrath. If he does, he pays R to cast the spell.
As the miracle trigger resolves, Arvind can't cast Thunderous Wrath. The trigger resolves and does nothing.

9. Agnes is playing a game against Newman. Agnes controls Deathrite Shaman, and she has Verdant Catacombs and Misty Rainforest in her graveyard. She announces that she is activating Deathrite Shaman's first ability targeting Verdant Catacombs. In response, Newman casts Purify the Grave targeting Verdant Catacombs. Which of the following best describes what happens as Deathrite Shaman's ability resolves?

Deathrite Shaman's ability resolves. Agnes exiles Misty Rainforest and chooses whether to add W, U, B, R, or G to her mana pool.
Deathrite Shaman's ability resolves. Agnes chooses whether to add W, U, B, R, or G to her mana pool.
Deathrite Shaman's ability is countered and doesn't resolve.
This can't happen as described. Deathrite Shaman's first ability is a mana ability, and Newman can't cast spells or activate abilities in response.
Deathrite Shaman's ability resolves. However, Agnes adds 1 to her mana pool rather than W, U, B, R, or G.

10. Avery controls an untapped Centaur Omenreader. Avery announces that he is casting Guardian of Vitu-Ghazi. Which of the following are legal payments to cast Guardian of Vitu-Ghazi? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

3GW and tapping Centaur Omenreader.
5GW and tapping Centaur Omenreader.
4W and tapping Centaur Omenreader.
6GW.
6W and tapping Centaur Omenreader.

11. During a deck check at the beginning of the third round of a Competitive REL event, you find that Adelina did not return her deck to its original configuration before presenting it to Nestor. The deck and decklist are legal otherwise, and you determine that Adelina committed Tournament Error-Deck/Decklist Problem. What is the penalty and remedy?

Adelina receives a Warning. She must return her deck to its original configuration and will choose whether to play or draw for the next game. Neither Adelina nor Nestor may sideboard for that game.
Adelina receives a Game Loss. She must return her deck to its original configuration and will choose whether to play or draw for the next game. Neither Adelina nor Nestor may sideboard for that game.
Adelina receives a Warning. She must return her deck to its original configuration. Adelina and Nestor randomly determine who chooses to play or draw for the next game, and neither player may sideboard for that game.
Adelina receives a Game Loss. She must return her deck to its original configuration. Adelina and Nestor randomly determine who chooses to play or draw for the next game, and neither player may sideboard for that game.
Adelina receives a Game Loss. She may choose whether to play or draw for the next game, and both players may sideboard for that game.

12. Ali is playing against Neoma during a Competitive REL event. Ali controls Insectile Aberration, and Neoma controls a tapped Primeval Titan. Ali casts Dungeon Geists. After Dungeon Geists enters the battlefield, Ali attacks with Insectile Aberration. When Neoma begins her turn, she untaps Primeval Titan. Ali says, "That doesn't untap." Neoma replies, "Yes, it does. You never used Dungeon Geists's ability." The players call a judge, who determines that as Dungeon Geists entered the battlefield, Neoma expected Ali to announce Dungeon Geists's ability targeting Primeval Titan and deliberately did not point out Ali's failure to do so. The judge determines that Ali committed Game Play Error-Missed Trigger, but does not issue him a penalty since the ability is usually not considered detrimental to Ali. What infraction, if any, has Neoma committed?

Neoma has committed Game Play Error-Failure to Maintain Game State.
The judge's ruling is incorrect. Regardless of the nature of Dungeon Geists's triggered ability, Ali should be issued a Warning. Neoma has not committed an infraction.
Neoma has not committed an infraction.
Neoma has committed Game Play Error-Missed Trigger.
Neoma has committed Unsporting Conduct-Cheating.

1. Adalia is playing against Neville. Adalia controls an untapped Abzan Falconer. Which of the following best describes when Adalia can activate Abzan Falconer's outlast ability, presuming she can pay any and all costs to activate the ability?

Adalia must have priority at any point in her turn, regardless of step or phase, whether or not the stack is empty.
Adalia must have priority during her main phase and the stack must be empty.
Adalia must have priority during any main phase, including Neville's main phase, whether or not the stack is empty.
Adalia must have priority during any main phase, including Neville's main phase, and the stack must be empty.
Adalia must have priority during her main phase, whether or not the stack is empty.

2. Adam is playing against Nerissa. Adam controls Where Ancients Tread, while Nerissa controls Elbrus, the Binding Blade. Adam casts Nessian Demolok during his postcombat main phase. Nerissa passes to let Nessian Demolok resolve, and she chooses to pay tribute. Which of the following best explains what happens as Nessian Demolok enters the battlefield?

Where Ancients Tread's ability doesn't trigger. Nessian Demolok's second ability triggers.
Where Ancients Tread's ability triggers. Nessian Demolok's second ability triggers.
This can't happen as described. Nerissa doesn't choose to pay tribute as Nessian Demolok resolves; she chooses to pay tribute after Nessian Demolok has entered the battlefield as the tribute trigger resolves.
Where Ancients Tread's ability doesn't trigger. Nessian Demolok's second ability doesn't trigger.
Where Ancients Tread's ability triggers. Nessian Demolok's second ability doesn't trigger.

3. Ainsley attacks with Harvest Gwyllion, which is enchanted with her Spirit Link. Nick blocks with Blind Phantasm. What happens when Harvest Gwyllion's combat damage is dealt?

Harvest Gwyllion deals 2 damage to Blind Phantasm, which results in Ainsley putting two -1/-1 counters onto Blind Phantasm. Spirit Link's ability triggers, and Ainsley gains 2 life when it resolves.
Harvest Gwyllion deals no damage to Blind Phantasm, and Ainsley puts two -1/-1 counters to Blind Phantasm. Spirit Link's ability doesn't trigger.
Harvest Gwyllion deals 2 damage to Blind Phantasm, which results in Ainsley putting two -1/-1 counters onto Blind Phantasm. Spirit Link's ability triggers, but Ainsley gains 0 life when it resolves.
Harvest Gwyllion deals 2 damage to Blind Phantasm, which results in Ainsley putting two -1/-1 counters onto Blind Phantasm. Spirit Link's ability doesn't trigger.
Harvest Gwyllion deals no damage to Blind Phantasm, and Ainsley puts two -1/-1 counters to Blind Phantasm. Spirit Link's ability triggers, but Ainsley gains 0 life when it resolves.

4. Aldrich controls Shivan Dragon, which is currently 5/5. Niobe controls Elspeth, Knight-Errant and Runed Halo. "Shivan Dragon" was chosen for Runed Halo. Aldrich declares Shivan Dragon is attacking Elspeth. What happens in the combat damage step?

Shivan Dragon doesn't assign or deal damage to Elspeth.
This situation can't happen as described. Shivan Dragon can't attack Elspeth due to Runed Halo.
Shivan Dragon assigns 5 damage to Elspeth, but the damage is prevented when it would be dealt.
Shivan Dragon assigns and deals 0 damage to Elspeth.
Shivan Dragon assigns and deals 5 damage to Elspeth.

5. What is the minimum number of poison counters for a Two-Headed Giant team to have in order to lose the game?

Fifteen poison counters.
Twenty five poison counters.
Twenty poison counters.
Ten poison counters.
Thirty poison counters.

6. Ashton is playing against Naomi. Ashton declares Cartel Aristocrat and Thrull Parasite as attackers. Before declaring blockers, Naomi casts Turn // Burn, choosing to fuse both halves and choosing Cartel Aristocrat as its only target. In response, Ashton activates Cartel Aristocrat's ability, sacrificing Thrull Parasite, and he chooses "red" as the ability resolves. Which of the following best describes Cartel Aristocrat after Turn // Burn has left the stack, before state-based actions are checked?

Cartel Aristocrat is a 2/2 creature with 2 damage marked on it.
This can't happen as described. Naomi can't cast a fused Turn // Burn with Cartel Aristocrat as its only target.
Cartel Aristocrat is a 2/2 creature with no damage marked on it.
Cartel Aristocrat is a 0/1 creature with 2 damage marked on it.
Cartel Aristocrat is a 0/1 creature with no damage marked on it.

7. Ainsley casts Alive // Well from her hand, choosing to fuse both halves. What determines the order the spell's instructions are followed?

As Ainsley casts Alive // Well, she puts a single spell onto the stack. As she casts it, she chooses whether she will follow Alive's instructions first and Well's instructions second as the spell resolves; or she will follow Well's instructions first and Alive's instructions second as the spell resolves.
As Ainsley casts Alive // Well, she puts a single spell onto the stack. As it resolves, she chooses whether she first follows Alive's instructions or follows Well's instructions; once that instruction is performed, the other happens.
As Ainsley casts Alive // Well, she first puts Well onto the stack, then she puts Alive onto the stack.
As Ainsley casts Alive // Well, she puts a single spell onto the stack. As it resolves, she first follows Well's instructions. Then she follows Alive's instructions.
As Ainsley casts Alive // Well, she puts a single spell onto the stack. As it resolves, she first follows Alive's instructions. Then she follows Well's instructions.

8. Ashton casts Lightning Helix, targeting Naoko's Belltower Sphinx. Naoko activates Benevolent Ancestor's ability, targeting Belltower Sphinx. When Lightning Helix resolves, how much life will Ashton gain, and how many cards will he put into his graveyard due to Belltower Sphinx's triggered ability?

3 life and two cards.
3 life and three cards.
2 life and zero cards.
3 life and zero cards.
2 life and two cards.

9. Aileen is playing against Nick. Nick controls Varolz, the Scar-Striped. Aileen casts her own Varolz, the Scar-Striped. What happens after Aileen's Varolz resolves and enters the battlefield?

Nick's Varolz remains on the battlefield. Aileen's Varolz is put into her graveyard.
Aileen's Varolz remains on the battlefield. Nick's Varolz is put into his graveyard.
Aileen chooses whether her Varolz or Nick's Varolz remains on the battlefield. The other is put into its owner's graveyard.
Both Aileen's Varolz and Nick's Varolz are put into their owner's graveyards.
Both Aileen's Varolz and Nick's Varolz remain on the battlefield.

10. Abraham controls Dread Slag and only has Fatal Frenzy in his hand. Abraham casts Fatal Frenzy, targeting Dread Slag. What is Dread Slag's power and toughness after Fatal Frenzy resolves?

10/9.
14/9.
14/5.
18/9.
10/5.

11. According to the Magic Tournament Rules, which of the following answers best explains the number of cards that are permitted in player's deck for Limited-format events?

A player must have at least forty cards in his or her deck. The player is also limited to no more than four of any particular card in the deck, unless it is a basic land card or has text that specifies otherwise.
A player must have at least sixty cards in his or her deck. The player is also limited to no more than four of any particular card in the deck, unless it is a basic land card or has text that specifies otherwise.
A player must have at least forty cards in his or her deck. There is no limitation on the number of any particular card in the player's deck.
A player must have at least sixty cards in his or her deck. There is no limitation on the number of any particular card in the player's deck.
There is no minimum requirement for the number of cards a player must have in his or her deck. There is no limitation on the number of any particular card in the player's deck.

12. In a booster draft, at which RELs may a Tournament Organizer elect to lift the restriction that a player within a draft pod only play against other players in that draft pod?

A player may always be paired against a player outside his or her draft pod.
A player may never be paired against a player outside his or her draft pod.
At both Regular and Competitive RELs.
At Competitive REL only.
At Regular REL only.

1. Nelson controls Jace Beleren, which has eight loyalty counters on it. Abella casts Oblivion Ring, and targets Jace with the enters-the-battlefield triggered ability. After Jace has been exiled, Nelson casts Naturalize targeting Oblivion Ring. How many loyalty counters are put onto Jace when it is returned to the battlefield?

Eleven loyalty counters.
Eight loyalty counters.
Five loyalty counters.
No loyalty counters.
Three loyalty counters.

2. Abel is playing a game against Nina. Nina controls a tapped Walking Corpse. Abel declares Insectile Aberration as an attacker. When is the last opportunity Nina has to cast Spidery Grasp, targeting Walking Corpse, in order to be able to declare it as a blocker?

Nina's last opportunity to cast Spidery Grasp is the declare blockers step.
Nina's last opportunity to cast Spidery Grasp is the damage assignment step.
Nina's last opportunity to cast Spidery Grasp was the beginning of combat step. Since Abel has already declared an attacker, Nina can't cast Spidery Grasp.
Nina's last opportunity to cast Spidery Grasp is the declare attackers step.
Nina's last opportunity to cast Spidery Grasp is the combat damage step.

3. Adelina attacks with Glory Seeker. Nicodemus blocks with Kavu Predator, which has two +1/+1 counters on it. Which of the following answers represent possible combat damage assignments for Kavu Predator? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Nicodemus assigns 4 damage to Glory Seeker and 0 damage to Adelina.
Nicodemus assigns 3 damage to Glory Seeker and 1 damage to Adelina.
Nicodemus assigns 0 damage to Glory Seeker and 4 damage to Adelina.
Nicodemus assigns 2 damage to Glory Seeker and 2 damage to Adelina.
Nicodemus assigns 2 damage to Glory Seeker and 0 damage to Adelina.

4. Ashok is playing against Neoma. Ashok controls two Undead Alchemists and one Walking Corpse. Ashok declares Walking Corpse as an attacker, and Neoma declares no blockers. Which of the following best describes what happens when Walking Corpse would deal combat damage to Neoma?

Neoma puts the top four cards of her library into her graveyard. For each creature card put into Neoma's graveyard, Ashok puts one 2/2 Zombie creature token onto the battlefield.
Neoma puts the top four cards of her library into her graveyard. For each creature card put into Neoma's graveyard, Ashok puts two 2/2 Zombie creature tokens onto the battlefield.
Neoma puts the top two cards of her library into her graveyard. For each creature card put into Neoma's graveyard, Ashok puts one 2/2 Zombie creature token onto the battlefield.
Neoma puts the top two cards of her library into her graveyard. For each creature card put into Neoma's graveyard, Ashok puts two 2/2 Zombie creature tokens onto the battlefield.
Neoma chooses whether she is dealt 2 damage or puts the top two cards of her library into her graveyard. For each creature card put into Neoma's graveyard, Ashok puts two 2/2 Zombie creature tokens onto the battlefield.

5. Adelaide is playing against Nick. Adelaide casts Courser of Kruphix in her precombat main phase. After Courser of Kruphix resolves and enters the battlefield, Adelaide reveals the top card of her library, which is a Forest. Nick has Ray of Dissolution in his hand. Who has priority at this point? And which of the following best describes how Adelaide plays the Forest from the top of her library?

Nick has priority and can cast a spell before Adelaide plays the Forest. If Nick doesn't, then Adelaide can play the Forest. This special action uses the stack; Nick can respond to Adelaide playing the Forest before Courser of Kruphix's third ability has the opportunity to trigger.
Nick has priority and can cast a spell before Adelaide plays the Forest. If Nick doesn't, then Adelaide can play the Forest. This special action doesn't use the stack and Courser of Kruphix's third ability triggers before Nick can respond to Adelaide playing the Forest.
This can't happen as described. Adelaide doesn't reveal the top card of her library immediately, and has to wait until Nick takes an action.
Adelaide has priority and can play the Forest before Nick can cast a spell. If Adelaide plays the Forest, this special action doesn't use the stack and Courser of Kruphix's third ability triggers before Nick can respond to Adelaide playing the Forest.
Adelaide has priority and can play the Forest before Nick can cast a spell. If Adelaide plays the Forest, this special action uses the stack; Nick can respond to Adelaide playing the Forest before Courser of Kruphix's third ability has the opportunity to trigger.

6. Alfred casts Truth or Tale. When it resolves, which zone are the five revealed cards in as they are separated into piles?

On the stack.
Exiled.
In Alfred's library.
In Alfred's graveyard.
On the battlefield.

7. Anita is playing against Newman. Anita controls Court Homunculus and Valiant Guard. She casts Gluttonous Slime. Newman has Magma Spray in his hand. Which of the following best describes what happens as Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield?

As Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield, devour triggers and is put onto the stack. Newman has the opportunity to respond. As the devour trigger resolves, Anita chooses whether to sacrifice a creature and may only sacrifice one creature. If she does sacrifice a creature, Gluttonous Slime gets one +1/+1 counter.
Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield with zero +1/+1 counters. Devour is an additional cost to cast a creature spell, so Anita had to sacrifice creatures as she cast Gluttonous Slime.
As Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield, devour triggers and is put onto the stack. Newman has the opportunity to respond. As the devour trigger resolves, Anita chooses which of her creatures to sacrifice and sacrifices those creatures. Gluttonous Slime gets a +1/+1 counter for each creature sacrificed.
As Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield, Anita chooses which of her creatures to sacrifice and sacrifices those creatures. Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield with a +1/+1 counter for each creature sacrificed. Newman doesn't have the opportunity to respond.
As Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield, Anita chooses whether to sacrifice a creature and may only sacrifice one creature. If she does sacrifice a creature, Gluttonous Slime enters the battlefield with a +1/+1 counter. Newman doesn't have the opportunity to respond.

8. Amadeus controls Watery Grave, which is enchanted by Lush Growth. What color(s) of mana can Watery Grave produce? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Red.
White.
Green.
Black.
Blue.

9. Abella is playing against Nelson. Nelson controls Anvilwrought Raptor and Blood-Toll Harpy. Abella casts Arbor Colossus, and after it resolves and enters the battlefield, Abella activates its monstrosity ability twice. Which of the following best describes what has happened once both instances of the monstrosity ability have resolved?

Arbor Colossus has six +1/+1 counters and its triggered ability has triggered twice.
Arbor Colossus has three +1/+1 counters and its triggered ability has triggered twice.
This can't happen as described. Arbor Colossus's monstrosity ability can only be activated once.
Arbor Colossus has three +1/+1 counters and its triggered ability has triggered once.
Arbor Colossus has six +1/+1 counters and its triggered ability has triggered once.

10. Albert attacks with a 3/3 Elephant token. Nita declares no blocking creature. In the declare blockers step, Nita activates Puppeteer's ability, targeting the Elephant token, and untaps the Elephant token when the ability resolves. What happens in the combat damage step?

This can't happen as described. Nita can't target a token with Puppeteer's ability.
Nita is dealt 3 damage.
Nita is dealt no damage.
This can't happen as described. Since Nita declared no blocking creature, she doesn't have the opportunity to activate Puppeteer's ability before the combat damage step.
There is no combat damage step, since the Elephant token was removed from combat.

11. Adona is playing against Nick during Friday Night Magic. Adona casts Esper Charm, tapping two Plains and a Swamp, and chooses to draw two cards. After Adona draws the cards and puts them into her hand of three other cards, she casts the Devout Lightcaster that she just drew and uses its ability to exile Nick's Nemesis of Reason. After Nick untaps his lands and draws his card for the turn, Nick realizes that Adona paid WWB instead of WUB to cast Esper Charm. Presuming the error was unintentional and this is the first time that Adona has made such an error, which of the following is the most appropriate fix to the situation?

There is no appropriate fix. Since Adona took an illegal action and given the damage to the game state, she should be issued a Game Loss. Remind Adona to play more carefully in the future.
The judge should back up the game to before Esper Charm was cast, and then allow the game to proceed from there. Remind Adona to play more carefully.
The judge should return Devout Lightcaster to Adona's hand, untap the lands that were tapped to cast the spell, and return Nick's Nemesis of Reason to the battlefield. Leave the rest of the game state as is. Remind Adona to play more carefully.
The judge should randomly choose two cards from Adona's hand and have her shuffle them into her library. Leave the rest of the game state as is. Remind Adona to play more carefully.
There is no appropriate fix, since the error wasn't caught quickly enough, and too many decisions have been made and actions taken. Leave the game state as it is, and remind Adona to play more carefully.

12. Prior to beginning their first game of the match, one of the players has been assessed a Game Loss for Tournament Error-Deck/Decklist Problem. Are they permitted to use their sideboards before the next game?

Yes, but only if the penalty was assessed after the players were seated.
Yes, they are starting their second real game so they can use their sideboards.
Yes, but only if the players had not presented their decks to their opponent.
No, they must have started a game before they can use their sideboards.
Yes, but only if the penalty was assessed before the players were seated.

Sorry, your score on this exam was below the required score. Please try again later.


1. Adelina is playing against Nigel. Nigel controls Runeclaw Bear, Sacred Wolf, and Vulshok Refugee. Adelina casts Pyroclasm. What happens as Pyroclasm resolves?

Runeclaw Bear is dealt 2 damage, Sacred Wolf is dealt 2 damage, and Vulshok Refugee is dealt no damage.
Runeclaw Bear is dealt 2 damage, Sacred Wolf is dealt 2 damage, and Vulshok Refugee is dealt 2 damage.
Runeclaw Bear is dealt 2 damage, Sacred Wolf is dealt no damage, and Vulshok Refugee is dealt no damage.
Runeclaw Bear is dealt 2 damage, Sacred Wolf is dealt no damage, and Vulshok Refugee is dealt 2 damage.
Runeclaw Bear is dealt no damage, Sacred Wolf is dealt no damage, and Vulshok Refugee is dealt no damage.

2. Abel is playing a game against Nancy. Nancy controls Bloodthrone Vampire. Abel casts Lightning Bolt, targeting Bloodthrone Vampire. In response to Lightning Bolt, Abel casts Reverberate targeting Lightning Bolt. In response to Reverberate, Nancy activates Bloodthrone Vampire's ability, sacrificing Bloodthrone Vampire. Which of the following best describes what happens as Reverberate resolves?

Reverberate resolves and becomes a copy of Lightning Bolt. Abel may change the target to Nancy. If he does, then the copy resolves, dealing 3 damage to Nancy.
Reverberate resolves and a copy of Lightning Bolt is put directly onto the stack. Abel may change the target to Nancy. If he does, then the copy resolves, dealing 3 damage to Nancy.
Reverberate resolves and creates a copy of Lightning Bolt that Abel casts without paying its mana cost. Abel can't change the target from Bloodthrone Vampire, since the original spell targeted a creature. The copy is countered and doesn't resolve.
Reverberate resolves and creates a copy of Lightning Bolt that Abel casts without paying its mana cost. Abel may change the target to Nancy. If he does, then the copy resolves, dealing 3 damage to Nancy.
Reverberate resolves and a copy of Lightning Bolt is put directly onto the stack. Abel can't change the target from Bloodthrone Vampire, since the original spell targeted a creature. The copy is countered and doesn't resolve.

3. Adona attacks with Nantuko Husk, which is enchanted with her Sandskin. Nick declares no blockers. After combat damage is assigned, but before it's dealt, Adona activates Nantuko Husk's ability, sacrificing Nantuko Husk to pay the cost of the ability. What happens?

Nantuko Husk is put into Adona's graveyard, then Sandskin is put into Adona's graveyard. When combat damage resolves, 2 damage is dealt to Nick.
This can't happen as described. Adona can't sacrifice Nantuko Husk to pay the cost of its activated ability.
Nantuko Husk is put into Adona's graveyard, then Sandskin is put into Adona's graveyard. When combat damage resolves, no damage is dealt to Nick since the effect of Sandskin's ability prevents it.
This can't happen as described. Adona doesn't get priority between the assignment of combat damage and when it is dealt.
Nantuko Husk is put into Adona's graveyard, then Sandskin is put into Adona's graveyard. When combat damage resolves, no damage is dealt to Nick since Nantuko Husk is no longer on the battlefield.

4. Nara controls Aphetto Vulture, and there are no Zombie cards in Nara's graveyard. Amit casts Shock, targeting Aphetto Vulture, and it resolves. What happens with Aphetto Vulture's triggered ability?

The ability is put onto the stack. On resolution, Nara may choose Aphetto Vulture as the target and put it on top of her library.
Nara can't choose a legal target for the ability, so it does not trigger.
The ability is put onto the stack. Nara can't choose a legal target for it, so the ability is removed from the stack immediately.
The ability is put onto the stack. Nara chooses Aphetto Vulture as the target. On resolution, Nara may choose to put Aphetto Vulture on top of her library.
The ability is put onto the stack. Nara can't choose a legal target for it, so it is countered on resolution.

5. Aileen controls Changeling Titan and Trained Armodon. Aileen exiled Nessian Courser with Changeling Titan's enters-the-battlefield ability. Nevin controls Nettlevine Blight, which is attached to Aileen's Changeling Titan. Which of the following best explains what happens during Aileen's end step?

Aileen sacrifices Changeling Titan. Then Nessian Courser enters the battlefield. Nevin attaches Nettlevine Blight to a creature or land Aileen controls. Nevin can choose Nessian Courser.
Nevin sacrifices Changeling Titan. Then Nessian Courser enters the battlefield. Nevin attaches Nettlevine Blight to a creature or land Aileen controls. Nevin can choose Nessian Courser.
Aileen sacrifices Changeling Titan and she attaches Nettlevine Blight to a creature or land she controls. Aileen can't choose Nessian Courser. Then Nessian Courser enters the battlefield.
Aileen sacrifices Changeling Titan and Nevin attaches Nettlevine Blight to a creature or land Aileen controls. Nevin can't choose Nessian Courser. Then Nessian Courser enters the battlefield.
Aileen sacrifices Changeling Titan. Then Nessian Courser enters the battlefield. Aileen attaches Nettlevine Blight to a creature or land she controls. Aileen can choose Nessian Courser.

6. Nora is at 2 life. Archibald attacks with Runeclaw Bear and Prized Unicorn. Nora blocks Prized Unicorn with Exalted Angel. Which of the following best describes what happens as combat damage is dealt?

Nora is dealt 2 damage, Prized Unicorn is dealt 4 damage, and Exalted Angel is dealt 2 damage. Lifelink applies, and Nora gains 4 life. She goes to 4 life.
Nora is dealt 2 damage, Prized Unicorn is dealt 2 damage, and Exalted Angel is dealt 2 damage. Lifelink applies, and Nora gains 2 life. She remains at 2 life.
Nora is dealt 2 damage, Prized Unicorn is dealt 2 damage, and Exalted Angel is dealt 2 damage. Nora goes to 0 life. Exalted Angel's ability triggers.
Nora is dealt 2 damage, Prized Unicorn is dealt 4 damage, and Exalted Angel is dealt 2 damage. Lifelink applies, but Nora gains no life. She goes to 0 life.
Nora is dealt 2 damage, Prized Unicorn is dealt 4 damage, and Exalted Angel is dealt 2 damage. Nora goes to 0 life. Exalted Angel's ability triggers.

7. Adrienne and Anita are playing first in a game of Two-Headed Giant against Nash and Nick, and the game has just started. What is the order of the steps in Adrienne's and Anita's beginning phase?

Untap step, then upkeep step.
Untap step, then upkeep step, then draw step.
Draw step only.
There are no steps in their first beginning phase.
Upkeep step, then draw step.

8. Nerissa controls Saffi Eriksdotter and Birds Of Paradise. Adam casts Demonfire, with X = 1, targeting Birds of Paradise. In response, Nerissa activates Saffi Eriksdotter's ability, also targeting Birds of Paradise. Once everything has resolved, where is Birds of Paradise?

Nerissa can choose. When Birds of Paradise would be put into Nerissa's graveyard, two replacement effects apply. Since Nerissa controls Birds of Paradise, she chooses which to apply. The other no longer applies.
It is exiled. When Birds of Paradise would be put into Nerissa's graveyard, two replacement effects apply. Demonfire's effect is a self-replacement effect and applies first.
It is on the battlefield. Birds of Paradise is first exiled by Demonfire's replacement effect. Then the delayed triggered ability returns it to the battlefield.
It is exiled. The delayed triggered ability created by Saffi Eriksdotter's ability never triggers.
It is on the battlefield. When Birds of Paradise would be put into Nerissa's graveyard, both Saffi Eriksdotter's and Demonfire's abilities trigger and are put onto the stack in APNAP order. Nerissa's resolves first, returning Birds of Paradise to the battlefield.

9. Norbert controls River Boa, which is enchanted by his Demonic Appetite. Ainsley casts Mind Control, targeting River Boa. What happens after Mind Control resolves?

Demonic Appetite remains attached to River Boa, but River Boa no longer gets +3/+3. Ainsley has to sacrifice a creature at the beginning of her upkeep.
Demonic Appetite remains attached to River Boa, and River Boa still gets +3/+3. Ainsley has to sacrifice a creature at the beginning of her upkeep.
Demonic Appetite is put into Norbert's graveyard.
Demonic Appetite remains attached to River Boa, but River Boa no longer gets +3/+3. Norbert has to sacrifice a creature at the beginning of his upkeep.
Demonic Appetite remains attached to River Boa, and River Boa still gets +3/+3. Norbert has to sacrifice a creature at the beginning of his upkeep.

10. Alexander controls Okina, Temple to the Grandfathers. Alexander taps Okina to add G to his mana pool. Then Alexander plays a second Okina. Which of the following best describes what happens after the second Okina enters the battlefield?

Since the untapped Okina is the most recent on the battlefield, it remains on the battlefield. The tapped Okina is put into Alexander's graveyard.
Both the tapped Okina and the untapped Okina are put into Alexander's graveyard. Neither legendary land remains on the battlefield.
Since the tapped Okina is the first on the battlefield, it remains on the battlefield. The untapped Okina is put into Alexander's graveyard.
Alexander chooses whether the tapped Okina or the untapped Okina remains on the battlefield. The other is put into Alexander's graveyard.
Both the tapped Okina and the untapped Okina remain on the battlefield. Neither legendary land is put into Alexander's graveyard.

11. Acacia controls Horobi, Death's Wail, and Norman controls a 1/1 Goblin token. Acacia casts Electrolyze, targeting Norman and the Goblin token. What happens when Electrolyze resolves?

Norman and the Goblin token are each dealt 1 damage. Acacia draws a card.
Norman is dealt 1 damage. Acacia draws a card.
Norman is dealt 1 damage. Since only 1 damage was dealt, Acacia does not draw a card.
Norman is dealt 2 damage. Acacia draws a card.
Electrolyze is countered. Acacia does not draw a card.

12. Andrew casts Roar of the Crowd, targeting Nancy. When Roar of the Crowd resolves, which of the following are legal choices for Andrew to make? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

"Goblin."
"Dwarf Warrior."
"Equipment."
"Aura."
"Giant."

13. Can Abigail activate Liliana Vess's first ability, targeting Noah, if Noah has no cards in his hand?

Yes. The activated ability targets Noah, and Abigail puts a loyalty counter on Liliana Vess as a cost to activate the ability. When the ability resolves, it creates a delayed effect and Noah discards the next card he draws.
Yes. The activated ability targets Noah, and Abigail puts a loyalty counter on Liliana Vess as a cost to activate the ability. When the ability resolves, it does nothing.
Yes. The activated ability targets Noah. When the ability resolves, Abigail doesn't put a loyalty counter on Liliana Vess since Noah didn't discard a card.
No. The activated ability targets a card in Noah's hand, not Noah. Since Noah has no cards in his hand, there is no legal target for the ability.
Yes. The activated ability targets Noah. When the ability resolves, Abigail puts a loyalty counter on Liliana Vess since Noah has no cards in hand.

14. Alfred played first against Nita, and it is now Nita's turn. What is the order of the steps in her beginning phase?

Untap step, then upkeep step.
Draw step only.
There are no steps in Nita's first beginning phase.
Upkeep step, then draw step.
Untap step, then upkeep step, then draw step.

15. Adelaide and Anita have been paired against Nevin and Nick for a match of Two-Headed Giant. How many games do they play in their match?

They play exactly two games, even if any of either of the games are drawn.
They play exactly one game, even if that game is a draw.
They play exactly three games, even if any of the three games is drawn.
They play until a team has won one game, regardless of the number of drawn games.
They play until a team has won two games, regardless of the number of drawn games.

16. Artemis is playing against Neena during Friday Night Magic. At the beginning of his turn, Artemis untaps his permanents, but he forgets to draw his card for the turn. Artemis plays a land, and is considering what spell to cast, when Neena asks how many cards Artemis has in his hand. Artemis realizes that he forgot to draw a card for the turn. The players call a judge. What is the appropriate way to correct this?

Flip a coin to determine whether Artemis should be allowed to draw his card for the turn. Remind Artemis to play more carefully.
Due to the damage to the game state, issue Artemis a Game Loss.
Don't allow Artemis to draw his card for the turn, since it is too late. Remind him to play more carefully.
Due to the damage to the game state, end the current game and have both players start a new game. Remind Artemis to play more carefully.
Have Artemis draw his card for the turn. Remind him to play more carefully.

17. Aimee is participating in a Draft-format tournament, which is being run at Regular REL. Decklists are not being used. She has a 41-card deck, with the remaining 21 cards she drafted as her sideboard. How may Aimee sideboard?

Aimee may only sideboard for the second or subsequent games of a match. She may exchange cards from her deck for cards in her sideboard on a one-for-one basis.
Aimee may only sideboard for the second or subsequent games of a match. She may exchange any number of cards from her deck for any number of cards in her sideboard, as long as her deck contains at least 40 cards.
Aimee may start any match with cards from her sideboard in her deck, and may further sideboard for subsequent games of a match. She may exchange any number of cards from her deck for any number of cards in her sideboard, as long as her deck contains at least 40 cards.
Aimee may start any match with cards from her sideboard in her deck, and may further sideboard for subsequent games of a match. She may exchange cards from her deck for cards in her sideboard on a one-for-one basis.
Aimee may start any match with cards from her sideboard in her deck, but may not further sideboard for the rest of the match. She may exchange any number of cards from her deck for any number of cards in her sideboard, as long as her deck contains at least 40 cards.

18. Amos is participating in a Constructed-format Friday Night Magic. Which of the following describes how many cards may be in his deck and sideboard?

Amos's deck must contain a minimum of 40 cards, with no maximum. He may use a sideboard, and if he does, it must contain exactly 15 cards.
Amos's deck must contain a minimum of 60 cards, with no maximum. He may use a sideboard, and if he does, it must contain exactly 15 cards.
Amos's deck must contain a minimum of 60 cards, with no maximum. He may use a sideboard. If he does, it may contain any number of cards, up to a maximum of 15 cards.
Amos's deck must contain a minimum of 40 cards, with no maximum. He may use a sideboard. If he does, it may contain any number of cards, up to a maximum of 15 cards.
Amos's deck must contain a minimum of 60 cards, with a maximum of 200 cards. He may use a sideboard. If he does, it may contain any number of cards, up to a maximum of 15 cards.

19. During a Standard-format Friday Night Magic run without decklists, Adalia is playing against Neo. Adalia casts Dark Confidant, a card which isn't currently legal, and Neo calls for a judge. A deck check reveals that Adalia has three other Dark Confidants in her library, and that Adalia has a 60 card deck. Adalia states that she was playing with a modified Modern deck and accidentally forgot to remove the Dark Confidants. What is the appropriate fix to this situation?

Disqualify Adalia from the tournament.
Remove the four Dark Confidants from Adalia's deck, and replace them with any four cards of her choice. Don't issue Adalia a penalty.
Remove the four Dark Confidants from Adalia's deck, and replace them with four basic land cards of her choice. Issue Adalia a Game Loss.
Remove the four Dark Confidants from Adalia's deck, and replace them with any four cards of her choice. Issue Adalia a Game Loss.
Remove the four Dark Confidants from Adalia's deck, and replace them with four basic land cards of her choice. Don't issue Adalia a penalty.

20. Abel is playing against Nara during Friday Night Magic. The match score is currently 1-1. Time is called in the round, and Abel and Nara continue to play their additional turns. In the final additional turn, Nara is unable to win and asks Abel to concede, without offering any prize or incentive. Abel says "Good luck in your next match." and concedes to Nara. How should the result of this match be recorded?

Nara wins the match 2-1.
Nara wins the match 2-0.
The match is a draw, 1-1-1. Abel is not allowed to concede the match in additional turns. Remind both players that this action is not allowed.
Abel chooses whether Nara wins the match 2-0 or 2-1.
Asking for a concession is illegal. Both Abel and Nara must be disqualified from the event.

1. Aiesha controls Leyline of the Void and Golgari Germination. Can Nevin cast Ray of Revelation, targeting Leyline of the Void, and then cast Ray of Revelation using flashback, targeting Golgari Germination?

No. Both Leyline of the Void and Ray of Revelation are exiled.
Yes. Ray of Revelation is put into Nevin's graveyard after Leyline of the Void is exiled.
Yes. Nevin can cast Ray of Revelation using flashback before Leyline of the Void exiles it.
No. Ray of Revelation resolves and is exiled, then Leyline of the Void is destroyed.
Yes. Ray of Revelation is put into Nevin's graveyard after Leyline of the Void is destroyed.

2. Alfred casts Persecute, targeting Namiko. Namiko casts Twincast, targeting Persecute. Which of the following statements best describes the choices made by the players?

Alfred chooses a color for Persecute on resolution. Namiko chooses a color for the copy on resolution.
Alfred chooses a color for Persecute on announcement. This choice isn't a copiable value, so the color is undefined for Namiko's copy.
Alfred chooses a color for Persecute on announcement. This choice is copied and used for Namiko's copy.
Alfred chooses a color for Persecute on announcement. Namiko can choose a different color for the copy when putting it on the stack.
Alfred chooses a color for Persecute on resolution. Since this choice hasn't been made when Namiko's copy resolves, the color is undefined for the copy.

3. Aiesha is playing against Norman. Aiesha controls Teysa, Envoy of Ghosts and Blood Baron of Vizkopa, while Norman controls Towering Indrik. Aiesha has Zanikev Locust in her graveyard. Which creature(s), if any, are legal targets for Zanikev Locust's scavenge ability?

Towering Indrik and Teysa are legal targets for the ability. However, Blood Baron of Vizkopa isn't a legal target.
Towering Indrik and Blood Baron of Vizkopa are legal targets for the ability. However, Teysa isn't a legal target.
Towering Indrik, Teysa, and Blood Baron of Vizkopa are legal targets for the ability.
Towering Indrik is a legal target for the ability. However, neither Teysa nor Blood Baron of Vizkopa are legal targets.
None of the creatures currently on the battlefield are legal targets for the ability.

4. Ashok attacks with Ancient Silverback, Trained Armodon, and Gustcloak Runner. Nissa blocks Ancient Silverback with a 6/6 Wurm token, Trained Armodon with Aven Fisher, and Gustcloak Runner with a 1/1 Saproling token. Ashok activates Ancient Silverback's ability and chooses to remove Gustcloak Runner from combat when Gustcloak Runner's ability resolves. After combat damage is dealt, Nissa draws Keep Watch from Aven Fisher's triggered ability. How many cards does Nissa draw if she casts Keep Watch at her earliest opportunity?

Two.
Four.
Three.
Zero.
One.

5. Acacia controls Unliving Psychopath, which is currently 2/2. She activates Unliving Psychopath's second ability, targeting Neville's Eager Cadet. In response, Neville casts Gather Courage, targeting Eager Cadet. After Gather Courage resolves, Acacia activates Unliving Psychopath's first ability twice. What happens when the ability targeting Eager Cadet resolves?

Eager Cadet survives. The ability is countered since its source is no longer on the battlefield.
Eager Cadet survives. The ability is countered since Unliving Psychopath's power in the graveyard is less than Eager Cadet's power.
Eager Cadet is destroyed. The power of Unliving Psychopath was greater than Eager Cadet's when the ability was activated.
Eager Cadet is destroyed. The last known information of Unliving Psychopath is used to determine that the target is legal.
Eager Cadet survives. The ability is countered since the game can't determine Unliving Psychopath's power and treats it as 0.

6. Adam controls Ashling the Pilgrim, which has four +1/+1 counters on it, and also controls Vigor. He activates Ashling's ability three times. When the ability resolves the third time, what happens to the two creatures?

Both Vigor and Ashling are put into their owner's graveyard.
Vigor and Ashling each have seven +1/+1 counters on them. Neither has any damage marked on it.
Vigor is put into its owner's graveyard, and its third ability triggers. Ashling has seven +1/+1 counters on it and has no damage marked on it.
Vigor is put into its owner's graveyard, and its third ability triggers. Ashling has six +1/+1 counters on it and has 1 damage marked on it.
Vigor is shuffled directly into its owner's library. Ashling has seven +1/+1 counters on it and has no damage marked on it.

7. Adalia controls Megrim and casts Cry of Contrition, targeting Newman while no creatures are on the battlefield. When Cry of Contrition resolves, Newman discards Arrogant Wurm and exiles it intending to cast it for 2G using madness. What happens?

Arrogant Wurm is cast, then Cry of Contrition finishes resolving. Megrim's ability triggers; haunt triggers, targeting Arrogant Wurm.
Arrogant Wurm's madness ability replaces the discard by exiling it, so Megrim's ability never triggers. Cry of Contrition resolves. Newman pays 2G and casts Arrogant Wurm. Haunt triggers, targeting Arrogant Wurm.
Megrim's ability and madness trigger. Cry of Contrition finishes resolving and haunt triggers. Megrim's ability and haunt are put onto the stack. Haunt has no legal targets and is removed from the stack. Newman puts madness onto the stack, and may pay 2G to cast Arrogant Wurm when it resolves.
Megrim's ability triggers. Cry of Contrition finishes resolving and haunt triggers. Megrim's ability and haunt are put onto the stack. Haunt has no legal targets and is removed from the stack. Newman may cast Arrogant Wurm using madness until he passes priority.
Megrim's ability triggers. Newman may not cast Arrogant Wurm because the stack is not empty, so Arrogant Wurm is put into Newman's graveyard. Haunt doesn't trigger because there are no legal targets.

8. Alvin casts Profane Command, choosing X = 5, the first mode, and the second mode. Alvin declares Nisha and a Mass of Ghouls in Alvin's graveyard as Profane Command's targets. Which of the following represent Profane Command's copiable values? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Mass of Ghouls as a target.
The first mode.
The second mode.
The value chosen for X.
Nisha as a target.

9. Both Anita and Nigel control a Platinum Angel, and each player is at 3 life. Nigel casts Squall Line with X = 4 during Anita's main phase. What happens when Squall Line resolves?

Squall Line deals 4 damage to each Platinum Angel and player. State-based actions are checked and both Platinum Angels are put into the graveyard. State-based actions are checked again. Since it is Anita's turn, she loses the game first. Nigel wins.
Squall Line deals 4 damage to each Platinum Angel and player. State-based actions are checked and both Platinum Angels are put into the graveyard. The game continues until one player's life total is higher than the other; that player wins the game.
Squall Line deals 4 damage to each Platinum Angel and player. State-based actions are checked. Simultaneously, both Platinum Angels are put into the graveyard and both players lose the game. The game is a draw.
Squall Line deals 4 damage to each Platinum Angel and player. State-based actions are checked and both Platinum Angels are put into the graveyard. State-based actions are checked again and both players lose the game. The game is a draw.
Squall Line deals 4 damage to each Platinum Angel and player. State-based actions are checked and both Platinum Angels are put into the graveyard. State-based actions are checked again. Since it is Anita's turn, Nigel loses the game first. Anita wins.

10. Audric controls Fecundity and attacks with Golgari Grave-Troll. Nuala casts Terror, targeting Golgari Grave-Troll. Can Audric return Golgari Grave-Troll to his hand if he has seven cards left in his library?

Yes. Audric chooses to return Golgari Grave-Troll from his graveyard to his hand when Fecundity's triggered ability resolves.
No. When Fecundity's triggered ability is put onto the stack, Golgari Grave-Troll isn't in Audric's graveyard and he can't choose to return it to his hand.
No. When Fecundity's triggered ability resolves, Golgari Grave-Troll isn't in Audric's graveyard and he can't choose to return it to his hand.
Yes. Audric chooses to return Golgari Grave-Troll from his graveyard to his hand when Fecundity's triggered ability is put onto the stack.
No. The dredge ability can only be used to replace Audric's draw for the turn, and can't replace the card drawn due to Fecundity's triggered ability.

11. In which of the following circumstances is using a proxy card allowed? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

If a card becomes damaged through play during the current tournament, the Head Judge may issue a proxy.
If a player receives a damaged card at a limited event, the Head Judge may issue a proxy.
A player may use a proxy card if she doesn't want a valuable card to be damaged, as long as she owns an actual copy of the card and has it at the tournament.
If a card was damaged through play at a previous tournament, the Head Judge may issue a proxy.
If a card becomes damaged through play during the current tournament, a player may create a proxy with his opponent's consent.

12. Alvin is a spectator who is watching a match at a Competitive REL event. He believes that he observed Nikita commit a violation of the rules. Can Alvin ask the players to pause their match?

Yes. Alvin can ask the players to pause their match, while he explains the possible error. Nikita's opponent then decides whether to call for a judge.
No. Alvin is not to interfere with the players and can't ask them to pause their match.
Yes. Alvin can ask the players to pause their match, while he explains the possible error privately to Nikita. Nikita then decides whether to call for a judge.
Yes. Alvin can ask the players to pause their match, while he explains the possible error. Alvin then instructs the players how to correct the error.
Yes. Alvin can ask the players to pause their match, while he informs a judge about the possible error.

1. Acacia is playing against Newman. Acacia controls Syndic of Tithes, and she casts Assault Griffin. At his first opportunity in response to Assault Griffin and the extort trigger, Newman casts Ultimate Price targeting Syndic of Tithes. Which of the following best describes what happens after Ultimate Price has resolved?

This can't happen as described. Syndic of Tithes has an activated ability, not a triggered ability. Acacia must choose to pay W or B to activate that ability when casting Assault Griffin.
As Syndic of Tithes's extort trigger resolves, Acacia may choose to pay any amount of W or B. If she does, Newman loses 1 life for each W or B paid and Acacia gains that much life.
As Syndic of Tithes's extort trigger resolves, Acacia may choose to pay W or not. She may also choose to pay B or not. If she pays W, Newman loses 1 life and Acacia gains that much life. If she pays B, Newman loses 1 life and Acacia gains that much life.
As Syndic of Tithes's extort trigger resolves, Acacia may choose to pay either W or B. She can't pay more than exactly one mana. If she does, Newman loses 1 life and Acacia gains 1 life.
Syndic of Tithes's extort trigger ceases to exist after Syndic of Tithes dies; the extort trigger doesn't resolve.

2. Arnold controls Bloodshot Trainee, enchanted by Dust Corona. He activates Bloodshot Trainee's ability, targeting Naoko's Nessian Courser. In response, Naoko casts Naturalize, targeting Dust Corona. What happens?

Dust Corona is destroyed. Bloodshot Trainee's ability resolves and no damage is dealt to Nessian Courser.
Dust Corona is destroyed. Bloodshot Trainee's ability resolves and 4 damage is dealt to Nessian Courser, which is destroyed.
Dust Corona is destroyed. Bloodshot Trainee's ability is countered on resolution.
Dust Corona is destroyed. Bloodshot Trainee's ability resolves and 2 damage is dealt to Nessian Courser.
Dust Corona is destroyed. Bloodshot Trainee's ability is reversed, since it could not legally be activated.

3. Agatha is playing against Nash. Nash controls Doorkeeper. Agatha casts Azorius Arrester, and when it enters the battlefield, she targets Doorkeeper with its ability. In her next turn, she casts New Prahv Guildmage. After New Prahv Guildmage enters the battlefield, Agatha activates New Prahv Guildmage's second ability and targets Doorkeeper. While this ability is on the stack, does Nash have the opportunity to activate Doorkeeper's ability?

No, because Doorkeeper is still detained by Azorius Arrester's ability.
No, because Doorkeeper is detained by New Prahv Guildmage's ability.
Yes, because the effect of Azorius Arrester's ability has expired.
This can't happen as described. New Prahv Guildmage's ability can't be activated since it has summoning sickness.
No, because Doorkeeper has summoning sickness.

4. Arthur controls Stonework Puma, which is enchanted by two of his Snake Umbras. Which of the following best describes Stonework Puma's abilities?

Stonework Puma has one instance of "Whenever this creature deals damage to an opponent, you may draw two cards."
Stonework Puma has no abilities. Each Snake Umbra has a triggered ability that whenever Stonework Puma deals damage to an opponent, Arthur may draw a card.
This can't happen as described. Stonework Puma can't be enchanted by two of the same Aura.
Stonework Puma has two instances of "Whenever this creature deals damage to an opponent, you may draw a card."
Stonework Puma has one instance of "Whenever this creature deals damage to an opponent, you may draw a card."

5. Abella attacks with Berserkers of Blood Ridge. Noah blocks with Giant Scorpion. After Noah has declared his blocker, still in the declare blockers step, Abella activates Kor Line-Slinger's ability, targeting Giant Scorpion. What happens in the combat damage step?

Berserkers of Blood Ridge assigns combat damage to Giant Scorpion, then Giant Scorpion assigns combat damage to Berserkers of Blood Ridge. Berserkers of Blood Ridge is dealt 1 damage and Giant Scorpion is dealt 4 damage. Both creatures are destroyed.
Berserkers of Blood Ridge assigns combat damage to Giant Scorpion, but Giant Scorpion doesn't assign combat damage to Berserkers of Blood Ridge. Berserkers of Blood Ridge is dealt no damage and Giant Scorpion is dealt 4 damage. Giant Scorpion is destroyed.
Berserkers of Blood Ridge assigns combat damage to Noah, since Giant Scorpion was removed from combat when it was tapped, and Berserkers of Blood Ridge is no longer a blocked creature. Noah is dealt 4 damage.
Berserkers of Blood Ridge assigns combat damage to Giant Scorpion, then Giant Scorpion assigns combat damage to Berserkers of Blood Ridge. Berserkers of Blood Ridge is dealt no damage and Giant Scorpion is dealt 4 damage. Giant Scorpion is destroyed.
Berserkers of Blood Ridge assigns no combat damage. Giant Scorpion was removed from combat when it was tapped, but Berserkers of Blood Ridge is still a blocked creature, even though there is no blocking creature. No creature or player is dealt any damage.

6. During Arthur's upkeep step, Nadine casts Psionic Blast, targeting Arthur. Both players are at 1 life. What happens when Psionic Blast resolves?

Arthur's life total becomes -3, Nadine's life total becomes -1. The game is a draw.
Arthur's life total becomes -3. Nadine wins the game.
Arthur's life total becomes -3, Nadine's life total becomes -1. Since it is Arthur's turn, he chooses who wins the game.
Nadine's life total becomes -1. Arthur wins the game.
Arthur's life total becomes -3, Nadine's life total becomes -1. When the upkeep step ends, the game is a draw.

7. Nemo controls Eager Cadet, Kraken Hatchling and Silvercoat Lion. Abra attacks with Aura Gnarlid and Hero of Oxid Ridge. After both of Hero of Oxid Ridge's triggered abilities have resolved, still in the declare attackers step, Nemo casts Inspired Charge. Which of the following are legal blocks? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Silvercoat Lion blocks Aura Gnarlid. Kraken Hatchling blocks Hero of Oxid Ridge.
Kraken Hatchling blocks Aura Gnarlid. Eager Cadet and Silvercoat Lion block Hero of Oxid Ridge.
Kraken Hatchling and Eager Cadet block Aura Gnarlid. Silvercoat Lion blocks Hero of Oxid Ridge.
This can't happen as described. After both of Hero of Oxid Ridge's abilities have resolved, the declare attackers step ends. Nemo doesn't have the opportunity to cast Inspired Charge.
Eager Cadet and Silvercoat Lion block Aura Gnarlid. Kraken Hatchling blocks Hero of Oxid Ridge.

8. Audric attacks with Bonebreaker Giant. Nora blocks with Armored Warhorse and Runeclaw Bear. Which of the following best explains the announcement of Bonebreaker Giant's damage assignment order?

In the declare blockers step, Nora announces which blocking creature is first and which is second in Bonebreaker Giant's damage assignment order.
There is no damage assignment order announced for Bonebreaker Giant. When combat damage is assigned, Audric assigns a total of 4 damage, distributing it in any way he wishes between the two blocking creatures.
In the damage assignment step, Audric announces which blocking creature is first and which is second in Bonebreaker Giant's damage assignment order.
In the damage assignment step, Nora announces which blocking creature is first and which is second in Bonebreaker Giant's damage assignment order.
In the declare blockers step, Audric announces which blocking creature is first and which is second in Bonebreaker Giant's damage assignment order.

9. Ainsley controls a Plains, which is enchanted by Crusher Zendikon. What are the card type(s) of the enchanted Plains? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Creature.
Plains.
Land.
Basic.
Beast.

10. Abraham attacks with Dimir Cutpurse and Nova blocks with a 1/1 Goblin creature token. After combat damage is assigned in the combat damage step, but before combat damage is actually dealt, Abraham activates Seal of Fire's ability, targeting the Goblin token. What happens when combat damage is dealt?

Dimir Cutpurse deals no damage and is not dealt any damage.
Dimir Cutpurse deals 2 damage to Nova and is dealt 1 damage by the Goblin token. However, Nova doesn't discard a card, and Abraham doesn't draw a card.
Dimir Cutpurse deals 2 damage to the Goblin token and is dealt 1 damage by the Goblin token.
Dimir Cutpurse deals no damage and is dealt 1 damage by the Goblin token.
This can't happen as described. Neither player has the opportunity to cast spells or activate abilities between combat damage being assigned and dealt.

11. According to the Magic Tournament Rules, what is the minimum number of teams required for a Two-Headed Giant tournament to be sanctioned?

3 teams.
There is no minimum number of teams required.
8 teams.
6 teams.
4 teams.

12. Anton is paired against Namiko during Friday Night Magic. Before the beginning of their first game, Anton splits his deck into two piles: one for land cards and the other for nonland cards. Anton performs one riffle shuffle on the pile of land cards, one riffle shuffle on the pile of nonland cards, then performs a single riffle shuffle to bring both piles together. After this, Anton then cuts his deck once and presents his deck to Namiko. Namiko calls for a judge, informing the judge that Anton didn't shuffle his deck thoroughly after separating his land cards and nonland cards. Anton says he was only trying to assure a good distribution of lands and other cards, not realizing he did anything wrong. The judge believes that Anton is telling the truth and didn't see any cards while shuffling, but concludes that Anton's shuffling was inadequate. What is the most appropriate way to handle the situation?

Remind Anton that it takes multiple methods of shuffling and/or more than three riffle shuffles to adequately shuffle his deck after separating his deck in this manner. Due to the seriousness of the error, issue Anton a Game Loss.
Remind Anton that it takes multiple methods of shuffling and/or more than three riffle shuffles to adequately shuffle his deck after separating his deck in this manner. Due to the seriousness of the error, disqualify Anton from the event.
Remind Anton that it takes multiple methods of shuffling and/or more than three riffle shuffles to adequately shuffle his deck after separating his deck in this manner. Allow him another opportunity to shuffle his deck more thoroughly.
The judge's ruling is incorrect. Three riffle shuffles is adequate to shuffle a deck after it has been separated in this manner. Remind Namiko that there is no set number of shuffles, and that since this is Friday Night Magic she should be more relaxed.
The judge's ruling is incorrect. Three riffle shuffles is adequate to shuffle a deck after it has been separated in this manner. However, since Namiko is behaving in an unsporting fashion, issue her a Game Loss.

1. Aiesha attacks with Fomori Nomad, and Nolan blocks with Elvish Warrior and Norwood Ranger. Aiesha announces Fomori Nomad's damage assignment order as follows: Elvish Warrior first, and Norwood Ranger second. Still in the declare blockers step, Nolan casts Flash Foliage, targeting Fomori Nomad. When Nolan puts the Saproling token onto the battlefield, what happens to Fomori Nomad's damage assignment order?

Nolan announces the Saproling token's placement in Fomori Nomad's damage assignment order. The relative order of Elvish Warrior and Norwood Ranger remains unchanged.
Aiesha announces the Saproling token's placement in Fomori Nomad's damage assignment order. The relative order of Elvish Warrior and Norwood Ranger remains unchanged.
There is no choice regarding the Saproling token's placement in Fomori Nomad's damage assignment order. It becomes the first creature in this order, before Elvish Warrior.
There is no choice regarding the Saproling token's placement in Fomori Nomad's damage assignment order. It becomes the third creature in this order, after Norwood Ranger.
Aiesha announces the Saproling token's placement in Fomori Nomad's damage assignment order. She can change the relative order of Elvish Warrior and Norwood Ranger.

2. Ashish is playing against Nerissa. Ashish activates Merfolk Looter's ability. When the ability resolves, Ashish draws a card, then discards Dark Withering. Ashish chooses to cast Dark Withering for its madness cost, targeting Nerissa's Eager Cadet. Once Ashish discards Dark Withering, what zones does the card go to?

Dark Withering was first put into Ashish's graveyard, then it was exiled. After this, it was put onto the stack, then it was put into Ashish's graveyard.
Dark Withering was first put into Ashish's graveyard, then it was put onto the stack. After this, it was put into Ashish's graveyard.
Dark Withering was first exiled, then it was put onto the stack. After this, it was put into Ashish's graveyard.
Dark Withering was first exiled. After this, it was put into Ashish's graveyard.
Dark Withering was first put onto the stack. After this, it was put into Ashish's graveyard.

3. Abra activates Dralnu, Lich Lord's ability, targeting a Reality Strobe in her graveyard. Abra then casts that Reality Strobe. What happens when Reality Strobe resolves?

Reality Strobe is exiled, and Abra chooses whether it has three time counters and is suspended.
Reality Strobe is exiled, without three time counters, and is suspended.
Reality Strobe is exiled, with three time counters, and isn't suspended.
Reality Strobe is exiled, without three time counters, and isn't suspended.
Reality Strobe is exiled, with three time counters, and is suspended.

4. Ashton is playing against Neena. Neena has Beck // Call in her graveyard. Ashton casts Diluvian Primordial, and when it enters the battlefield, he targets Beck // Call with Diluvian Primordial's enters-the-battlefield ability. Which of the following best describes how Ashton may cast Beck // Call?

Ashton can't cast either Beck or Call. However, Ashton may cast Beck // Call as a fused spell.
Ashton can't cast either Beck or Call. Additionally, Ashton can't cast Beck // Call as a fused spell.
Ashton may cast either Beck or Call. However, Ashton can't cast Beck // Call as a fused spell.
This can't happen as described. Since Beck // Call is a split card, Ashton can't choose it as a target for Diluvian Primordial's ability.
Ashton may cast either Beck or Call. Additionally, Ashton may cast Beck // Call as a fused spell.

5. Anita controls Angel's Tomb, which is currently a 3/3 creature due to the effect of its ability. Anita casts Druid's Familiar, and after it enters the battlefield, she pairs it with Angel's Tomb. Which of the following best describes what happens in Anita's cleanup step?

Angel's Tomb is no longer a creature, which causes Angel's Tomb and Druid's Familiar to become unpaired. These permanents become paired with each other if Angel's Tomb becomes a creature again.
Angel's Tomb is no longer a creature, but Angel's Tomb and Druid's Familiar remain paired with each other. Druid's Familiar gets +2/+2 from its static ability even when Angel's Tomb isn't a creature.
Angel's Tomb remains a creature, since it and Druid's Familiar are paired with each other. Both creatures get +2/+2 from Druid's Familiar's static ability.
Angel's Tomb is no longer a creature, but Angel's Tomb and Druid's Familiar remain paired with each other. Druid's Familiar doesn't get +2/+2 from its static ability until Angel's Tomb becomes a creature again.
Angel's Tomb is no longer a creature, which causes Angel's Tomb and Druid's Familiar to become unpaired. These permanents remain unpaired with each other even if Angel's Tomb becomes a creature again.

6. Alan is playing against Nevada. Alan controls Phantom Warrior. Alan casts Maniacal Rage, targeting Phantom Warrior. After Maniacal Rage resolves, Nevada casts Ovinize, targeting Phantom Warrior. Which of the following answers best describes Phantom Warrior after Ovinize resolves?

Phantom Warrior is 0/1, can't be blocked and can't block.
Phantom Warrior is 2/3, can be blocked and can block.
Phantom Warrior is 0/1, can be blocked and can block.
Phantom Warrior is 2/3, can be blocked and can't block.
Phantom Warrior is 2/3, can't be blocked and can't block.

7. Aiesha is playing against Norbert. Aiesha attacks with Strangleroot Geist, which has a +1/+1 counter. Norbert blocks with Lost Leonin. Which of the following best explains what happens after combat damage is dealt to Strangleroot Geist?

When state-based actions are checked, Norbert chooses whether to remove a +1/+1 counter and a -1/-1 counter from Strangeroot Geist or put Strangeroot Geist into Aiesha's graveyard. Then the other happens. Norbert's choice determines whether Strangeroot Geist's undying ability triggers.
When state-based actions are checked, Aiesha chooses whether to remove a +1/+1 counter and a -1/-1 counter from Strangeroot Geist or put Strangeroot Geist into her graveyard. Then the other happens. Aiesha's choice determines whether Strangeroot Geist's undying ability triggers.
When state-based actions are checked, a +1/+1 counter and a -1/-1 counter are removed from Strangleroot Geist. State-based actions are checked again, and Strangleroot Geist is put into Aiesha's graveyard. Strangleroot Geist's undying ability triggers.
When state-based actions are checked, Strangleroot Geist is put into Aiesha's graveyard. Strangleroot Geist's undying ability triggers.
When state-based actions are checked, Strangleroot Geist is put into Aiesha's graveyard. Strangleroot Geist's undying ability doesn't trigger.

8. Anson casts Psychic Drain, targeting Nora, with X = 4. Nora has three cards left in her library. What happens?

Nora puts the top three cards of her library into her graveyard in any order, then loses the game when she tries to put the fourth card into her graveyard.
Nora puts the top three cards of her library into her graveyard in any order. Anson gains 3 life. The game continues.
Nora puts the top three cards of her library into her graveyard in any order. Anson gains 4 life. The game continues.
Nora puts the top three cards of her library into her graveyard in any order. Anson gains 4 life. After Psychic Drain resolves, Nora loses the game.
Nora puts the top three cards of her library into her graveyard in the same order they were in her library. Anson gains 4 life. The game continues.

9. Agnes controls Lotus Bloom and has Frogmite in her hand. Can she cast Frogmite?

No. First, Agnes activates Lotus Bloom's mana ability. Then, she announces Frogmite. Since Lotus Bloom isn't on the battlefield when the total cost is determined, she doesn't have enough mana to pay Frogmite's cost of 4.
Yes. First, Agnes announces Frogmite. Then, the total cost to cast Frogmite is determined to be 3. Next, she activates Lotus Bloom's mana ability. Last, she pays the cost of the spell.
Yes. First, Agnes announces Frogmite. Then, she activates Lotus Bloom's mana ability. Next, the total cost to cast Frogmite is determined to be 3. Last, she pays the cost of the spell.
No. First, Agnes announces Frogmite. Then, she activates Lotus Bloom's mana ability. Since Lotus Bloom isn't on the battlefield when the total cost is determined, she doesn't have enough mana to pay Frogmite's cost of 4.
Yes. First, Agnes activates Lotus Bloom's mana ability. Then, she announces Frogmite. Next, the total cost to cast Frogmite is determined to be 3. Last, she pays the cost of the spell.

10. Alastair controls Sabretooth Tiger, enchanted by Serra's Embrace. Naoko casts Sudden Spoiling targeting Alastair. After Sudden Spoiling resolves, what is Sabretooth Tiger's power and toughness, and what abilities does it have?

0/2, with flying and vigilance.
2/4, with first strike, flying, and vigilance.
0/2, with no abilities.
2/4, with flying and vigilance.
2/4, with no abilities.

11. During a Competitive REL event, Adona is playing against Neo. Adona activates Celestial Colonnade's second activated ability in her beginning of combat step and declares Celestial Colonnade as an attacker. Neo then casts Disperse, targeting Celestial Colonnade. In response, Adona casts Negate targeting Disperse. After Negate resolves, Adona and Neo record that 4 damage was dealt to Neo. A spectator calls for a judge and explains that Neo cast Disperse illegally targeting Celestial Colonnade. The judge determines that Neo's error was accidental, and Adona didn't detect and point out the error immediately. What infraction(s) have been committed?

Adona has committed Game Play Error-Game Rule Violation. Neo has committed Game Play Error-Failure to Maintain Game State.
Adona hasn't committed any infraction. Neo has committed Game Play Error-Game Rule Violation.
Adona has committed Game Play Error-Failure to Maintain Game State. Neo has committed Game Play Error-Game Rule Violation.
Neither player has committed any infraction.
Adona hasn't committed any infraction. Neo has committed Game Play Error-Failure to Maintain Game State.

12. Per the Magic Infraction Procedure Guide, which of the following situations is an example of Unsporting Conduct-Major? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

A player takes inappropriate photos of another player without express permission.
A player intentionally turns over a table.
A player throws his deck on the ground after losing a game.
A player inappropriately demands to a judge that his opponent receive a penalty.
A player asks a spectator for a date, is denied, and continues to press the issue.

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1. Neville controls two Stalking Vengeances. Agnes is at 20 life and casts Wrath of God. What is the total amount of damage that can be dealt to Agnes?

5.
20.
10.
15.
0.

2. Which of the following are legal targets for Stifle? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

The declaration of Eager Cadet as a blocker.
Clone's enters-the-battlefield ability.
Civic Wayfinder's enters-the-battlefield ability.
Greater Good's activated ability.
Blightsoil Druid's activated ability.

3. Adona controls Nykthos, Shrine to Nyx, which is enchanted by her Market Festival. Adona controls no other nonland permanents. Adona activates Nykthos's second mana ability, choosing "green". Which of the following best describes what happens?

Nykthos's mana ability produces G. Market Festival's mana ability produces GG.
Nykthos's mana ability produces no mana. Market Festival's mana ability produces no mana.
Nykthos's mana ability produces G. Market Festival's mana ability produces two mana in any combination of colors.
This situation can't happen as described. Market Festival can't enchant Nykthos.
Nykthos's mana ability produces no mana. Market Festival's mana ability produces two mana in any combination of colors.

4. Arnold is playing against Nalani. Arnold casts Sarkhan, the Dragonspeaker. After Sarkhan resolves, Arnold activates Sarkhan's first loyalty ability and declares Sarkhan as an attacker. Nalani blocks Sarkhan with Venerable Lammasu. Which of the following best describes what happens when Venerable Lammasu deals combat damage to Sarkhan in the combat damage step?

Venerable Lammasu deals 5 damage to Sarkhan, which is marked on Sarkhan. Furthermore, five loyalty counters are removed from Sarkhan. Sarkhan remains on the battlefield when state-based actions are checked.
Venerable Lammasu deals 5 damage to Sarkhan, which is marked on Sarkhan. However, no loyalty counters are removed from Sarkhan. Sarkhan dies when state-based actions are checked.
Venerable Lammasu deals 5 damage to Sarkhan, which is marked on Sarkhan. However, no loyalty counters are removed from Sarkhan. Sarkhan remains on the battlefield when state-based actions are checked.
Venerable Lammasu doesn't deal any combat damage to Sarkhan since Sarkhan is indestructible.
Venerable Lammasu deals 5 damage to Sarkhan, which is marked on Sarkhan. Furthermore, five loyalty counters are removed from Sarkhan. Sarkhan dies when state-based actions are checked.

5. Adelaide controls Ajani, Caller of the Pride, which has one loyalty counter. Adelaide activates Ajani, Caller of the Pride's first loyalty ability, targeting her Ajani's Sunstriker. After that ability resolves, Adelaide casts Ajani Vengeant. Which of the following best describes what happens after Ajani Vengeant resolves and enters the battlefield?

Since Ajani, Caller of the Pride is the first "Ajani" on the battlefield, it remains on the battlefield. Ajani Vengeant is put into Adelaide's graveyard.
Adelaide chooses whether Ajani, Caller of the Pride or Ajani Vengeant remains on the battlefield. The other is put into Adelaide's graveyard.
Both Ajani, Caller of the Pride and Ajani Vengeant are put into Adelaide's graveyard. Neither planeswalker remains on the battlefield.
Both Ajani, Caller of the Pride and Ajani Vengeant remain on the battlefield. Neither planeswalker is put into Adelaide's graveyard.
Since Ajani Vengeant is the most recent "Ajani" on the battlefield, it remains on the battlefield. Ajani, Caller of the Pride is put into Adelaide's graveyard.

6. Amit announces that he is casting Skyrider Elf. He chooses X = 5, then he taps two Forests, two Islands, two Plains, and one Wastes to pay the cost of the spell. How many +1/+1 counters does Amit put onto Skyrider Elf as it resolves and enters the battlefield?

Amit puts seven +1/+1 counters onto Skyrider Elf.
Amit puts five +1/+1 counters onto Skyrider Elf.
Amit puts three +1/+1 counters onto Skyrider Elf.
Amit puts four +1/+1 counters onto Skyrider Elf.
Amit puts two +1/+1 counters onto Skyrider Elf.

7. Aditi activates Rod of Ruin's ability, targeting Neville's Mossdog. What happens?

Mossdog's ability triggers and resolves, giving Mossdog +1/+1 until end of turn. Rod of Ruin's ability resolves dealing 1 damage to Mossdog.
Mossdog's ability triggers and resolves, putting a +1/+1 counter on it. Rod of Ruin's ability resolves, dealing 1 damage to Mossdog.
Rod of Ruin's ability resolves, dealing 1 damage to Mossdog. Mossdog's ability triggers, but it is destroyed before it gets the +1/+1 counter.
Mossdog's ability triggers, and Neville can choose to put a +1/+1 counter on it. Rod of Ruin's ability resolves, dealing 1 damage to Mossdog; it is destroyed only if Neville didn't put a counter on it.
Mossdog's ability triggers. Rod of Ruin's ability resolves, dealing 1 damage to Mossdog. Mossdog is destroyed before it gets the +1/+1 counter.

8. Axel controls Fury Sliver and Bonesplitter Sliver enchanted with Fallen Ideal. Axel attacks with both Slivers and there are no blocks. After damage has been dealt in the first combat damage step, Axel sacrifices Fury Sliver to give Bonesplitter Sliver +2/+1. What is the total amount of damage dealt to Neoma?

18.
0.
9.
13.
15.

9. Nigel controls Glory Seeker enchanted by Holy Strength, while Abigail controls Hill Giant. Abigail casts Pyroclasm, then casts Graven Dominator after Pyroclasm resolves. What happens after Graven Dominator's enters-the-battlefield ability resolves?

Glory Seeker and Hill Giant both survive, as Glory Seeker is a 3/4 and Hill Giant is a 3/3.
Each creature, except Graven Dominator, becomes 1/1 until end of turn. Since this occurs after Pyroclasm, all creatures survive.
Hill Giant becomes a 1/1 with 2 damage marked on it and is destroyed. Glory Seeker is a 2/3 with 2 damage marked on it and is not destroyed.
Each creature, except Graven Dominator, becomes 1/1 until end of turn. Since Glory Seeker and Hill Giant both have 2 damage marked on them, they are destroyed as a state-based action.
Hill Giant becomes a 1/1 with 2 damage marked on it, and is destroyed. Glory Seeker is not destroyed, as it is a 3/4.

10. Alvin has five cards in hand. His Maro's power and toughness are 5/5 when it is in which of the following zones? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

In his library.
In his graveyard.
On the battlefield, under his control.
As a spell on the stack.
In the exile zone.

11. Aditi attacks with Child of Night, which is equipped with Fireshrieker. Nelson blocks Child of Night with Tukatongue Thallid. How much life does Aditi gain in the first combat damage step and second combat damage step?

Aditi gains 2 life in the first combat damage step and gains 2 life in the second combat damage step.
Aditi gains 1 life in the first combat damage step and gains 2 life in the second combat damage step.
Aditi gains 2 life in the first combat damage step and gains no life in the second combat damage step.
Aditi gains 1 life in the first combat damage step and gains no life in the second combat damage step.
This question can't be answered as asked, as there is only ever one combat damage step. Aditi gains 2 life in that combat damage step.

12. Amos activates Temporal Aperture's ability, revealing Volcanic Hammer when the ability resolves. He then casts Volcanic Hammer, targeting Nydia. Nydia casts Memory Lapse, targeting Volcanic Hammer. After Memory Lapse resolves, can Amos cast Volcanic Hammer from the top of his library?

No. Because Volcanic Hammer wasn't cast from Amos's hand, it is put into his graveyard when Memory Lapse resolves.
Yes. Memory Lapse resolves and puts Volcanic Hammer back on top of Amos's library. Since Amos already cast Volcanic Hammer, it can be cast again for its mana cost.
No. Memory Lapse resolves and puts Volcanic Hammer back on top of Amos's library. Because Volcanic Hammer was countered, it can't be cast again.
Yes. Memory Lapse resolves and puts Volcanic Hammer back on top of Amos's library. Since Volcanic Hammer is still on top of his library, it can be cast again.
No. Memory Lapse resolves and puts Volcanic Hammer back on top of Amos's library. Because Volcanic Hammer changed zones, it can't be cast again.

13. Aiesha controls Magnivore and has four sorcery cards in her graveyard. Noel controls three lands. Aiesha casts Wildfire. What happens?

Wildfire resolves and deals 4 damage to Magnivore, which is destroyed. Wildfire is put into Aiesha's graveyard, with Magnivore above it.
Wildfire resolves and is put into Aiesha's graveyard. Magnivore becomes 5/5. Then it is dealt 4 damage from Wildfire and remains on the battlefield.
Wildfire resolves and deals 4 damage to Magnivore. Wildfire is then put into Aiesha's graveyard, making Magnivore a 5/5, and Magnivore remains on the battlefield.
Wildfire is countered upon resolution, since Noel can't sacrifice four lands.
Wildfire resolves and deals 4 damage to Magnivore, which is destroyed. Wildfire is put into Aiesha's graveyard above Magnivore.

14. Axel controls Thorn of Amethyst. Axel casts Fulminator Mage during his precombat main phase. Nora casts Disrupting Shoal, targeting Fulminator Mage and choosing to exile a blue card in her hand instead of paying Disrupting Shoal's mana cost. What is the total cost Nora has to pay to cast Disrupting Shoal, if she wants to counter Fulminator Mage when Disrupting Shoal resolves?

Nora exiles a blue card with converted mana cost of 4 from her hand, and pays 1.
Nora exiles a blue card with converted mana cost of 2 from her hand, and pays 1.
Nora exiles a blue card with converted mana cost of 3 from her hand, and pays 1.
Nora exiles a blue card with converted mana cost of 3 from her hand.
Nora exiles a blue card with converted mana cost of 4 from her hand.

15. What is the recommended time limit for deck registration and deck construction for a Sealed Deck format individual-player event?

The recommended time limit for deck registration is 10 minutes, and the recommended time limit for deck construction is 20 minutes.
The recommended time limit for deck registration is 20 minutes, and the recommended time limit for deck construction is 30 minutes.
The recommended time limit for deck registration is 20 minutes, and the recommended time limit for deck construction is 45 minutes.
The recommended time limit for deck registration is 10 minutes, and the recommended time limit for deck construction is 45 minutes.
The recommended time limit for deck registration is 10 minutes, and the recommended time limit for deck construction is 30 minutes.

16. For the first game of a match, the winner of the coin toss (or other random method) may do which of the following? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

The winner may choose to play first and not draw.
The winner may choose to play second and not draw.
The winner may choose to play second and draw.
The winner may look at his hand before choosing whether to play first or second.
The winner may choose to play first and draw.

17. Acacia and Nevin are about to play a match. Acacia flips a coin, and Nevin wins the toss. He decides to play first. That game results in a draw. How do the players determine who plays first for the second game?

The players must randomly determine again who chooses.
Acacia chooses.
Nevin must play first.
Nevin chooses.
Acacia must play first.

18. During Friday Night Magic, Nissa is sitting at her table waiting for her opponent to arrive after the round started on time. Twelve minutes into the round, Aldrich walks up and sits down and starts shuffling. Nissa calls for a judge, who determines this is the first time that Aldrich has shown up late for a match. What is the most appropriate remedy?

Aldrich is tardy for his match. Issue Aldrich a Match Loss and remind him that he needs to show up on time in the future.
Aldrich is tardy for his match. Issue Aldrich a Game Loss and remind him that he needs to show up on time in the future.
Aldrich is tardy for his match. Expel Aldrich from the event, and ban him from in-store events for a month.
Aldrich has not committed any error. Have Aldrich and Nissa begin playing, and remind Nissa that Friday Night Magic is a casual event and she should be more relaxed.
Aldrich is tardy for his match. Issue no penalty and remind Aldrich that he needs to show up on time in the future.

19. Adelina is playing against Nicodemus during Friday Night Magic. Adelina controls five untapped Plains. She casts Cloud Crusader, tapping only two Plains and paying only WW. Adelina then says "Go" to end her turn. Just before Nicodemus untaps his lands to begin his turn, Nicodemus realizes Adelina paid the wrong amount for Cloud Crusader and calls for a judge. The judge determines that the error was unintentional, and Adelina hasn't committed any other errors during the event or previously been reminded to be more careful. What is the most appropriate remedy?

Have Adelina tap the remaining three untapped Plains to pay the cost for Cloud Crusader and as punishment for not paying 2WW. Remind Adelina to play more carefully.
Return Cloud Crusader to Adelina's hand, but leave the two Plains tapped. Remind Adelina to play more carefully.
Back up the game to before Cloud Crusader was cast. Remind Adelina to play more carefully.
Put Cloud Crusader into Adelina's graveyard since it was illegally cast. Remind Adelina to play more carefully.
The game state should be left as is. Remind Adelina to play more carefully.

20. Axel is playing against Natalie during Friday Night Magic. Axel draws an opening hand of seven cards. Axel then takes a mulligan and draws a new hand of seven cards. Natalie calls for a judge, explaining that Axel drew seven cards instead of six cards after mulliganing. Axel states he didn't know he only draws six cards when taking a mulligan. Axel has made no other errors in this event. What is the most appropriate remedy?

Allow Axel to keep the seven cards he drew. Remind Axel that in the future, he needs to draw one fewer card for each mulligan he takes.
Issue Axel a Game Loss for drawing extra cards. Remind Axel that in the future, he needs to draw one fewer card for each mulligan he takes.
Have Axel shuffle one random card from his hand into his library. Remind Axel that he draws one fewer card for each mulligan he takes.
Have Axel shuffle two random cards from his hand into his library. Remind Axel that he draws one fewer card for each mulligan he takes.
Have Natalie look at Axel's hand and select one card to shuffle into his library. Remind Axel that he draws one fewer card for each mulligan he takes.

1. Acacia controls World Queller. At the beginning of her upkeep, World Queller's ability triggers and is put onto the stack. When the ability resolves, which of the following are legal choices for it? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Legendary.
Acacia can choose not to use the ability's option.
Planeswalker.
Avatar.
Tribal.

2. Ashish is playing against Nuala. Ashish controls Nuala's Butcher Ghoul, which is enchanted by Ashish's Mind Control. Butcher Ghoul doesn't have a +1/+1 counter. Nuala casts Tragic Slip, targeting Butcher Ghoul. Which of the following best describes what happens after Tragic Slip resolves?

Butcher Ghoul dies, and Mind Control is put into Ashish's graveyard. Butcher Ghoul then returns to the battlefield under Ashish's control with a +1/+1 counter.
Butcher Ghoul dies, and Mind Control is put into Ashish's graveyard. However, since Nuala didn't control Butcher Ghoul before it died, its undying ability doesn't trigger.
Butcher Ghoul would die, but undying replaces this with the creature remaining on the battlefield with a +1/+1 counter instead of dying. Mind Control is still attached to Butcher Ghoul, so Ashish controls Butcher Ghoul.
Butcher Ghoul dies, and Mind Control is put into Ashish's graveyard. Butcher Ghoul then returns to the battlefield under Nuala's control with a +1/+1 counter.
Butcher Ghoul dies, but Mind Control remains on the battlefield. Butcher Ghoul then returns to the battlefield under Ashish's control with a +1/+1 counter and enchanted by Mind Control.

3. Abra is at 15 life. Abra casts Delusions of Mediocrity. After Delusions of Mediocrity enters the battlefield, as soon as Nick has priority after Delusions of Mediocrity's enters-the-battlefield ability has been put onto the stack, Nick casts Erase, targeting Delusions of Mediocrity. What happens after Erase has resolved?

Delusions of Mediocrity's enters-the-battlefield ability resolves and Abra gains 10 life, then Delusions of Mediocrity's leaves-the-battlefield ability resolves and she loses 10 life. Abra's life total is 15.
Delusions of Mediocrity's leaves-the-battlefield ability resolves and Abra loses 10 life, and her life total is 5. Delusions of Mediocrity's enters-the-battlefield ability doesn't resolve.
Delusions of Mediocrity's enters-the-battlefield ability resolves and Abra gains 10 life, and her life total is 25. Delusions of Mediocrity's leaves-the-battlefield ability doesn't trigger.
This scenario can't happen as described. Delusions of Mediocrity's enters-the-battlefield ability doesn't use the stack.
Delusions of Mediocrity's leaves-the-battlefield ability resolves and Abra loses 10 life, then Delusions of Mediocrity's enters-the-battlefield ability resolves and she gains 10 life. Abra's life total is 15.

4. Ashish and Aaron are playing against Neena and Nadine in a game of Two-Headed Giant. Ashish and Neena are the primary players on their respective teams. Ashish declares Scroll Thief as an attacker, and neither defending player chooses to block. Which of the following best describes how Scroll Thief assigns combat damage?

In the declare blockers step, Ashish chooses whether to assign Scroll Thief's damage to Neena or Nadine.
This can't happen as described. Ashish has to announce whether Scroll Thief is attacking Neena or Nadine when it is declared as an attacker.
In the combat damage step, Ashish chooses whether to assign Scroll Thief's damage to Neena or Nadine.
In the damage assignment step, Ashish chooses whether to assign Scroll Thief's damage to Neena or Nadine.
In the combat damage step, Neena chooses whether to assign Scroll Thief's damage to herself or Nadine.

5. Which of the following answers represent Air Elemental's characteristics? (Mark all correct answers, if any.)

Expansion symbol.
Collector number.
Rules text.
Name.
Type and subtype.

6. Ashton controls a face-down Vesuvan Shapeshifter and no Swamps. Naomi controls Korlash, Heir to Blackblade and four Swamps. Ashton turns Vesuvan Shapeshifter face up, choosing to copy Korlash. Which of the following best describes Vesuvan Shapeshifter's power and toughness after it is turned face up, and what happens when state-based actions are checked?

Vesuvan Shapeshifter is a 0/0 creature. It is put into Ashton's graveyard, and Naomi's Korlash is put into her graveyard.
Vesuvan Shapeshifter is a 4/4 creature. It remains on the battlefield. Naomi's Korlash is put into her graveyard.
Vesuvan Shapeshifter is a 4/4 creature. It remains on the battlefield. Naomi's Korlash remains on the battlefield.
Vesuvan Shapeshifter is a 4/4 creature. It is put into Ashton's graveyard, and Naomi's Korlash is put into her graveyard.
Vesuvan Shapeshifter is a 0/0 creature. It is put into Ashton's graveyard. Naomi's Korlash remains on the battlefield.

7. Ainsley has Vithian Stinger in her graveyard. Neo controls Pithing Needle, with "Vithian Stinger" as the chosen card. During Ainsley's postcombat main phase, can she return Vithian Stinger to the battlefield, then activate its ability to deal 1 damage to Neo?

No. Since unearth is an activated ability of Vithian Stinger, Ainsley can't return Vithian Stinger to the battlefield due to Pithing Needle's ability.
Yes. Ainsley can activate unearth to return Vithian Stinger to the battlefield, then activate Vithian Stinger's ability once Vithian Stinger is on the battlefield. Pithing Needle's ability triggers and counters Vithian Stinger's ability.
No. While Pithing Needle's ability doesn't prohibit Ainsley from activating unearth, she can't activate Vithian Stinger's ability once Vithian Stinger is on the battlefield due to Pithing Needle's ability.
No. While Pithing Needle's ability doesn't prohibit Ainsley from activating unearth, she can't activate Vithian Stinger's ability once Vithian Stinger is on the battlefield since Vithian Stinger was just put onto the battlefield.
No. While unearth allows Ainsley to cast Vithian Stinger from her graveyard, she can't activate Vithian Stinger's ability once Vithian Stinger is on the battlefield due to Pithing Needle's ability.

8. Alexander attacks Nara with Priests of Norn. Nara blocks with Belltower Sphinx. Which of the following best describes what happens in the combat damage step?

2 damage is marked on Priests of Norn. One -1/-1 counter is put on Belltower Sphinx. Then Alexander puts one card from the top of his library into his graveyard.
Priests of Norn's toughness is reduced by 2. One -1/-1 counter is put on Belltower Sphinx. Alexander doesn't put any cards from the top of his library into his graveyard.
2 damage is marked on Priests of Norn. One -1/-1 counter is put on Belltower Sphinx, and 1 damage is marked on it. Then Alexander puts one card from the top of his library into his graveyard.
Priests of Norn's toughness is reduced by 2. One -1/-1 counter is put on Belltower Sphinx. Then Alexander puts one card from the top of his library into his graveyard.
2 damage is marked on Priests of Norn. One -1/-1 counter is put on Belltower Sphinx. Alexander doesn't put any cards from the top of his library into his graveyard.

9. Ainsley controls Tajuru Beastmaster. She casts Gideon, Ally of Zendikar. After Gideon resolves and enters the battlefield, Ainsley activates Gideon's first loyalty ability. After the loyalty ability resolves, what are the power and toughness of each of Ainsley's creatures?

Tajuru Beastmaster is 5/5. Gideon is 5/5.
Tajuru Beastmaster is 6/6. Gideon is 5/5.
Tajuru Beastmaster is 6/6. Gideon is 6/6.
Tajuru Beastmaster is 7/7. Gideon is 6/6.
Tajuru Beastmaster is 7/7. Gideon is 7/7.

10. Nikita controls Kaervek the Merciless. Alastair casts Towering Baloth face down using its morph ability. Nikita targets Alastair with Kaervek's triggered ability. How much damage is dealt to Alastair when Kaervek's triggered ability resolves?

3 damage, because the face-down spell doesn't have a mana cost and Alastair paid 3 to cast the spell.
3 damage, because the face-down spell has a mana cost of 3 and its converted mana cost is 3.
0 damage, because the face-down spell doesn't have a mana cost and its converted mana cost is 0.
0 damage, because the face-down spell has a mana cost of 0 and its converted mana cost is 0.
0 damage, because the face-down spell doesn't have a mana cost and its converted mana cost can't be determined.

11. Acacia is playing against Nash during Friday Night Magic. During her precombat main phase, Acacia casts Sleep, targeting Nash and paying WWWW. Acacia then attacks with Air Elemental. In the postcombat main phase, Nash realizes that Acacia paid the wrong mana and calls a judge. Presuming that Acacia's error was unintentional, which of the following is the most appropriate fix for this situation?

Since Acacia took an illegal action, the judge should fix that action by untapping Nash's creatures. Sleep remains in the graveyard, and Acacia's lands remain tapped. Remind Acacia to play more carefully.
Since Acacia took an illegal action, the judge should fix that action by untapping the lands used to pay for Sleep's cost. Then have Acacia tap appropriate lands necessary to pay the proper cost, plus an additional land as punishment. Remind Acacia to play more carefully.
If the judge believes the error was caught quickly enough and the situation is simple, the judge should back up the game to just after Acacia attacked with Air Elemental, and untap any of Nash's creatures that were tapped by Sleep. Allow Nash to declare blockers. Otherwise, the game state should be left as is. Remind Acacia to play more carefully.
If the judge believes the error was caught quickly enough and the situation is simple, the judge should back up the game to before Acacia cast Sleep. Otherwise, the game state should be left as is. Remind Acacia to play more carefully.
There is no reasonable fix. Since Acacia took an illegal action and due to the damage to the game state, Acacia should be issued a Game Loss. Remind Acacia to play more carefully in the future.

12. Abel is playing against Nora during Friday Night Magic. Abel is shuffling his deck for game one, and Nora realizes that Abel has taken four minutes and still hasn't presented his deck. Nora calls for a judge, complaining that Abel has exceeded the time limit for sideboarding and shuffling. Abel admits that he was shuffling his deck very thoroughly after his last match went long, and simply wasn't paying attention to how much time he was taking. Furthermore, the judge determines Abel wasn't intentionally trying to delay the match. What is the most appropriate way to handle the situation?

Remind Abel that although there is no specific time requirement for shuffling, he still needs to shuffle his deck and present in a timely fashion. However, since Nora is behaving in an unsporting fashion, issue her a Game Loss.
Remind Abel that although there is no specific time requirement for shuffling, he still needs to shuffle his deck and present in a timely fashion. Abel should not be issued any penalty.
Remind Abel that he only has three minutes to shuffle his deck and present. Abel should not be issued any penalty.
Remind Abel that he only has three minutes to shuffle his deck and present. Then issue Abel a Match Loss for unintentionally exceeding the pregame time limit.
Remind Abel that he only has three minutes to shuffle his deck and present. Then issue Abel a Game Loss for unintentionally exceeding the pregame time limit.